India: Vision 2020






INDIA &nbsui 7on ISa>





 INDIAst> roy-lursetie"

Hle"/?p; onerms unfin seed-tasks of n" tit-id" imp; a  

 ngs Plannmp; Commis020st Cme ury. ing snd,itiy IIs brournearcg"po ter-2r 30hex Ct fields.ingsiredeli17/" titl,hexteyocks, helpsitrow a rangeaof i Econs/?p; id=sibilities,PcriticerCONermaeaarisesnfrom elo>warenh.saof rms n" tit's trnomedous idlearwersP>s well">s a .oeseaof onspitlibilityP>  

 ngs v2020A madua a> sn" titl cerlsP

gendaP>vailable onsin ces ro vity"e employome PopRESEunitiesP

s well">s criticer  

 Edus" tit e: rms se"ogeP>CONeaabilityP>try-links >  

 ngs v2020COy, wy"e/fbrnserv" tit atr_Deve-ha: rms opRESEunitysmaneaof rms world's locamp; ics" tiesPr-2r rms nextntwo>decades, Rrovtded-n tecitizetl-haveerms .olf-confid>CON,erms .olf-reliaCON,erms will"a  

 I commetrwill"beaof imme






Hle"/ people'sP>spi/" titl,hrms fulfillome Pof i snA rms hffESEsCONaof rme: Committeum>

 ngs Committeumcomprised moreermann30hm2017/s>aCt walks of lif",aall"ex Ct nocklyetwo>yocks-to deli17/" e upit aRESE. ings deyaillaof maduaofhrms papeks are-yet-to be fin"lised >smuackgrou  

 I am iDdebeed-v2ry mucearchall rme M2017/laof rms Committeu, rms d,IRESE-ha: bee, deli17/" ed. ingsiknd,puts were-v2ry "Ind"ble

ul" tp; rme: v2020 s,Pwe ersohbenhfitnomfrom "po teinnuom/"ble sin ces br-2r?p; ntey ss?Us, Rtionseed-a

l "po te 2020 | MSS docuome s pe/tainmp; ro "po tecountriesP>Ct en"lesPd, _Deve.i Ws haveeersohginliomfrom rms v2020.


 Amop; rms M2017/s>aul" tp; >ttach>rrya, DDG, Dhpartome Pof Telecommunic" t0t,h_DstitueePof ics< Giowtr,hro ome 20of rms edyyar, Sarojinm,PDr.Pronab Sen,PShrt S="ilenara S="rnt,PMr. Rohit Sarkar,Shrt A. Sekhar,PShrt B.N. Purm,>  

 I o seaersohto plaONe0

 Lastly, be="maduaofherl, myag/" itude goesPrchShrt K.C. Pue , Dhputy Cm>irnte, Plannmp; Commis020<,a

Hle"/?p; rms lop;2r rou pe/spe"/tvNeof rms country's planmautlook-amiddua"o  




 f="/">Hom#_Toc26694192e/FOREWORD.. 1h1>

Hom#_Toc26694193e/ACKNOWLEDGEMENT.. 3h1>

Hom#_Toc26694194" T USENTS. 5h1>

Hom#_Toc26694195">SUMMARY AND OVERVIEW... 7h1>

Hom#_Toc26694196">1. iiIntcodus I0<. 29h1>

Hom#_Toc26694197e/Ae 2020 |

Hom#_Toc26694198">ngs C="llengesPA -->.i33h1>

Hom#_Toc26694199">2.div iUncomm0 |OpRESEunities.i38h1>


Hom#_Toc26694la1s>KnowledgePRnsin ces. 41h1>

Hom#_Toc26694la2e/3.div iCenteopment Home P45h1>

Hom#_Toc26694la3">ngs People.P45h1>

Hom#_Toc26694la4" Food Se"urmty.P48h1>

Hom#_Toc26694la5">Employome P55h1>

Hom#_Toc26694la6">Edus" tit. 65h1>

Hom#_Toc26694la7e/SCreatT Capabilities. 73h1>

Hom#_Toc26694la8">Vos" titer Trainmp;. 77h1>


Hom#_Toc26694l1ss>Vulnh/"bility. 85h1>

Hom#_Toc26694l11s>4. iInfrastruc ure. 88h1>

Hom#_Toc26694l12e/Urbteopment Home P88h1>

Hom#_Toc26694l13">Rurer Infrastruc ure. 91h1>

Hom#_Toc26694l14" Telecom.. 93h1>

Hom#_Toc26694l15">Transtitl 97h1>

Hom#_Toc26694l16">5.divEnh/gy >


Hom#_Toc26694l18">Fuelopmnted. 106h1>

Hom#_Toc26694l19">Renhw"ble Enh/gy. 110h1>

Hom#_Toc26694l2ss>AiknQuality. 111h1>

Hom#_Toc26694l21s>Wy"e/fManageome P114h1>

Hom#_Toc26694l22e/LainkiFoons/ >

Hom#_Toc26694l23">6.div iGlob"lis" tit. 120h1>

Hom#_Toc26694l24" Glob"l TreinsP>

Hom#_Toc26694l25">Implic" t0




Hom#_Toc26694229">9.div irencclustit.i135h1>

Hom#_Toc26694l3ss>Bns/-case Scenarwo/

Hom#_Toc26694l31s>Dec2020 Ptie s. 139h1>

Hom#_Toc26694l32e/Annexures. 142h1>

Hom#_Toc26694l33e/Annexure I:nRabi

Hom#_Toc26694l34e/Annexure II:n144h1>

  a"form_i_Toc234048a5"="Contac_Toc234048a5"/h1> NDI


 Our v2020tr"oatr"ombis well">s uniteniD rmsir pursuit/of self-fulfillome .PI Pmuduabs basiom0< obje"/ Pof fac UP> rais"l of pd=sibilities,Pyet-i Pmuduariseabsyos a .entid=",aalcatep; ustrdmntedmaur >tten"tone>s well">s roerms rangeaof optiitlabewarenh.saof rms h.searwer cul urer aCONeiD on Milves,P> completn reliaCONm0s a n" tit a NDIi> A trus v2020sma livtp; > s.

 Tme: v2020Ct way, be="il cen serve">s a usefurPen"r/?p; idie P>s a n" tit. iIteseeks ro idearwfyeboth tms unaddch.sed-problems >asma far st/op;2r, moreeRros yocks.Pngs vast scrttP>Hom#_ftn1e="Contac_ftnchf1">1h1> .

 Tme: v2020trwill"ac uerlyeoccur, nh1 somplyea o sealiduaof des5/"ble be="unur-inl"ble nnds. Rapo t,/i Pisea/en"leome /ofhwm>trwe belimenee: Rd=sible

vailable onsin ces-cente, organis" tital, teornologicer<>  In

ul" tp;Ii> our v2020smaneaof rms lop;2st livtp; civtlis" titsniD rms world. iIn 1835,Pmenn rms Btrtofh_DeveP>trwe seekarchfo1>ul" eeou1 v2020   NDAn h.searwer r"Conreome /

ND Aa a>A rms world. Tmsy itrdds0olve: Rhysicer<>vailabilityP>"ch.sarchinrs " tch.oe a/tvNeof aPrel" tvNeshift iD rms "12ines rmaeadrtvNedment Home Pfrom nteufac urmp; ro rms .orviONsese"/okn>  ngs growtp; infndiCONaof rmsseefac oks a"/?p; onerms fou< basi ="1a >CONero tgs v2ew rm>tr_Deve-cen achimen >< growtrtiD rms com?p; decades.i NDTms compoutrwill"_Deve-bs likeeSS yocks-from now?iIn ssmeeaitysrwe cen nstim" seCo"arw a/tvNlyewithra fairedegitNeof accuracyP>CON.iIn ssmee"po tsrwe knowerms broad dire"/t0rs un"ble rchitysonablyepe="nuo17/s roerms country's likelyea"complishome .iIn still""po tsrwe cannouamenn sayewithrconfid>CONerme dire"/t0trfu ure rreinsPwill"take. Ws cen onlyeopeCoursewm>trwould beemaduades5/"ble >A both tms opRESEunitiesP>  By-h220,hrms people-ofh_Deve-will"beamoreenuom/ous,/bet"e/fhdus" ed,ahealthier >asmi Pisetoday> ND (i.e.,nd,vitysNebye0.2 pe/fbme hper ><020nd effESEsA /" ss.i NDTms Rdpul" t0yocks of age/will"double rch120 mill20< people (i.e.,naroudoptiit-of speower meesures ND a< growtrt>rs likelyerchfurpo teatoravurse" claser disparttiesPwithd, rms country.

 Well"beCteCo"arw ies of food rchpcovtde e healthyPdiet-to i/snearwre Rdpul" t0growtrt>chimend durmp; rms 1990s, NDrms country>will"bea"ble rchmeeE rms pcoje"/nomdmmaaa<"po teGreenmRevolut20rs children,Pwsmenn>Cteemployome PopRESEunitiesPsohthaeaall"n">seholdl-haveerms purch>smp; pa>< ="ch.sarchfood.y cl>Employome Ph1 li-2lihood se"urmtyPe: eloh.searwer aCon-2rsely, food se"urmtyPe: eloh.searwer r"Conreome /

ofh_Deve'snworkdecades, _Deve'sngity"eduat="llengePwill"bearchpcovtde employome PopRESEunitiesP

Hom#_msocom_1""onoouseitl="msoCommme Htde('_com_1')e="Contac_mso"nchor_1""onoousei-2r="msoCommme Sha>('_"nchor_1lf')com_1')e=de-2_"nchor_1""en" uage="JavuS>[GJ1]h1> Pnuo17//of job-seekers.iMajh1 ch>< pdwinyaneedsProegenh/" semoreermann250 mill20< adai titer employome PopRESEunitiesPr-2r rms nextnSS yocks.PAterms saom"tie",erms yoter RroRESE20< cornesnd, a-inkketmdmmocracy.iTms capacityerchpay e: rms hcs< "Contalme /ofhrms rirnearc vote.y cl>_Deve'snv2020 NDIi>. cl>Employome Pmuduabs "or"o NDIi> ng snwill"r"ConrePaPreorient" t0< of n" titer Rriorities,Preornology pdwinys I0<. Fh1om/lyeshpar"te lines of se"/okal plann?p; need-to be inEcg/" ednarouofhwmiortfurl employome Pmuduabs onN.

 How available roerms n" toneroeachimen tms obje"/tvNeofhoity"tp; >dai titer employome PopRESEunities.iTms Rtions/organisedese"/oknha> prisesn(SMEs), whiortvsarribuee tgs vast majh1ofhpclvursese"/oknjobs iD moreeadvaCONd ics" tiesPsuchha: rms USA, JapaCONsrconfirm-tma="SMEseait bet"e/fopsul" ed-from rms extertal shocks, moreerssisEue Prchrms, >doptiit, glob"lis" tit/and earr tchneurier dment Home .PEmployome Pha: nocklyet ND A comprehenstvNepackage/ofhvme ure capital, ><020  ngs 2020stp; >y"expandmp;,-a-widumrangeaof st/" egiesP>ASSagesPto downt.dteamPagro-opeu.dties cen drao" tcerlyer"duse waste aerapidaed"><020will"ersohr"ConrePmill20will"mitnCONeofhunemployome Pcould bee"lmaduaelimina/ed-bye MSS .<,Preornicer, sci>Cte Co, sPoweraha: titl 320 mill20< ill2"e/a s adss?U"iTms Gr-2rnome 'sngoeralmsmp; rms gity"e/fv2020 NDIi>

 Li"e/anyCsable hinimum "on h.searwer pchr"Con titP

titl 60 pe/fbme . i NDAchimemp; 120 pe/fbme henrolmme hofherl-children inerms 6-to 14 yock/age group>e: elo>mbitdous"hime"blengoer<

sea/top Rriority.PI

< knowledge, be="ersoh"Indis >smsNereachtp; >Ast>should embtkkman-a ma.stvNepcogcamme-to "o<-2rt rms earwre horn tehdus" titartcurriculum d,to aamul i-"all",Pweb-basiomlr dment Home .PAemoreermanndoublmp; of inv"stome niD edus" titPfrom rms currme /lment of 3.2 pe/fbme hof GNP e: rms sou< growtrt>s well">s rms tyttP>labou1I cl>a ND A comprehenstvNest/" egyeis<020"/tvNei volveome /ofhrms pclvursese"/oknd, .kirledeli-2ry.P NDAnn" titer network/ofh50,200 oknmoreecomputervsedevos" titer I cl>cme rss> NDcl>arun-byepclvurseself-employed businesses,Psimilar roerms STD bs?ths >-cd=",ahorn-qualityPtrainmp; ro 10 mill20< workers ev2ry yock-moreermannftvNetie"serms yoter nuo17//"o-2red-byeexis/?p; > NDcl>pcogcammes> NDIi>. A parallnt effESE isPr"Conred rchupgrade rms skirlsPofh_Devet farmeks,Pwho umpch.oe P56epe/fbme hofhrms yoter work"/tcer dmmotr"ombi< growtr,hRe/fbapitaniDvsme, employome , l2"e/any, hdus" tit, =geP>t marriage, birtrt/" ss,f>vailabilityPof in/" ss,fm" srtal mESEul NDIi> NDexis/ > NDbetwee, difes">Ct iDvsmeegroups,/betwee, rurer aCt en"lesPa big gapPfrom rms lment >ttended-byerms horn middlind,vsmeea  Communic"ble dvseasesPremcd, the majh1 cause/ofhillness. Durmp; rms nextn5 ro 10 yocks, exis/?p; pcogcammest>rs likelyerchelimina/ee awio >sms. Ha> >CONeofhTB by-h220.PRnstruc urmp; rms workCONeofhm"lari> by-50 pe/fbme hh1 moreewithd, a>decade. Cmildhood diarrhty, a<"po temajh1 cause/ofhillness,Pcanebs largelyepchvme ed rmrournecommunityP>s I0-cd=" sc/een?p;"pcochdures. Gienn rms pcoje"/nomimRrovnome niD livtp; st>"ch.sarchhealth cait "mop; "ll lmentsnof rms popul" t0<, NDdrao" tc pcogch.s canebs achimend in> ND NDr"dusmp; rms pcetalmeONeofh.overe und t-nutriti0<"d, "hildrenhsubstae werlyeby-h220.PAlrmourn y-lvurseexpend effe"/tvNehealth cait smenus, Rrovtdep; uni-2rser a"ch.s, fairedi.dtibut20tten"tonerc vulnh/"ble groupsPsuchha: wsmen, children,Prms ag h >st Cme ury. The vsarwndous "dvaCONome Pof sci>CONeaCONea_Deve'snexpeth rm>trofhKorea,/needsProebe "o ND An"po teh.searwer chConreome /iseroeimRrovn rms liSSage betwee, beornology dment Home P>pplic" t0< by"fostermp; closeeriesPbstwee, basicPch.oarcrt>   ND_Deve'snurbteoRdpul" t0 ND placmp; iDvitys?p;"strain-on rms country's urbteoinfrastruc ure. cl>Fu ure growtrti: likelyerchcnccme re ePd, andnarourch70elargePcitiesPhav?p; a Rdpul" t0 ND Hom#_msocom_2""onoouseitl="msoCommme Htde('_com_2')e="Contac_mso"nchor_2""onoousei-2r="msoCommme Sha>('_"nchor_2lf')com_2')e=de-2_"nchor_2""en" uage="JavuS>[GJ2]h1> PDebme reris" tit/ofhmunicipal gr-2rnaCONP>rs likelyerchd,vitysNerms dispartty betwee, bms larger >ul" tit/ofheffe"/tvNeytions/powinies roeacchlh/" e all-rouHashionerms rolinof rms sn"le a: elohffe"/tvNefacmlit" oterchcompens"lem

COies of ntkketmmech>  Simult>rsed ><020Ons pcomis?p; alEcon" tvs > roaortistr"anebs cros:ed-withinn30hmwndlesPof r/"vel"tie",> ND alop; rms  Rapidaflow of in 2020 | MSS "oofhwmiorttelecommunic" t0 NDIi> Rapidaed"><020sea/whole. i NDTms nuo17//of fixNh telephanealine sorviONsewill"mul iply a<"po te.oven-fold-d, rms nextn18 yocks.> ND A: rms fixNh line ntkketmma ures, moree>s well, spurrmp; a mobiletrevolut20decades. The thirdPgenh/" tonemobiletdmeiONsewitrt>cch.sarchmobiletdataP>ofhwtde se"/titlaof rms popul" t0  pment Home Pi volves >r"oyocks cannouabs sus-inlnomwitritl coronspitd?p;lye;ity"e/feffESEsarms yoter freirneatraf Coti: likelyerchreach>ftvNetie"serms lment iD M00. Pu.sea;2r rraf Coti: expe"/ed rchd,vitysNemoreermannfou1-fold-r-2r rms nextnSS yocks.I

ul" ed-byeeach>urbteoautrirmty,een"r/?p; withrrms Rrovt020 ear roebs rms onlyevi"ble siluetoneroerms Rroblems of urbteotranstitlPin _Deve'snmajh1 metroRElit"n aitys.

hav?p; a well-dment Hiomnetwork/ofhroadsPad"Co" s capacityerchhandlehrms growtrtieotranstitlPdmnted. NDTms volumeeof road rraf Cotwill"mul iply atitl ftvN-fold,Pcarrieom0 70,200 kmsmnetwork/ofhn" titer hornways. Sn"le hornwaysPwitrt>t l--duatwo>way l> ND Rurer roadsPwillhpcovtde ecch.sarchrms furpo s P">Alymp; villages. Teornologicertrare Rdlluetonefreu >Ct.iAnoef Coi>Ct ptions/transtitlPsmenusPwill"l-->tr"o-cd=",ainl>   NDnoter inv"stome nchConreome s rchmeeE rmssePneeds> ND NDwill"i,vitysNero lmentsnrmree rchfou1 tie"sehorn termannpch.oe PlmentsniD r"er rou w.> ND Wmile rms go-2rnome Pwill"vsarwndieroebea" majh1 sin ceeof "/tvNei volveome /ofhrms pclvursese"/oknd, rms deent Home P>  Ecs< growtrtisadrtvNtrpa>Ct and eaIs Rd=sible. NDToter dem>decades, whichhwill" NDIi> ‘Business">s usual', tg snwill"r"sul iD a spi NDIi> Expandmp;edomesticaprodus I0< capacityewill"r"ConrePeubstae wer inv"stome s,Pwhile iDvitys?p;"depedoptiit-byerms Rtions/>ofhbns/-pc>"/tcesPaCdlyereornologies, moreeef Coi>Ct use/ofhenh/gy, pcomo ?p; pclvursese"/oknd,v"stome ,P> etite.

  NDGity"e/freliaCONm0<,PsPower ND _Deve-isealr-->y"rms world's fifthrlargestPpcoduser>ofhwtreeersohspr-->mp;. NDAn"o roaortrchalEcon" tvs eah/gy genh/" tonecould 15gne Coue lyeonduse _Deve'sndepeAflow of NDIi> n> mp; rme: RdlearwerPwill"r"ConreP"o"/ st/op;Pparticipa titPfrom rms pclvursese"/ok.

  ND_Deve> NDcl>aRd=sesses 16epe/fbme hofhrms world's popul" t0 ND Atrrms n" titartlment,/currme /wy"e/fresin cesP>reemoreermannsuf Coi>CterchmeeE rms dem>tri Placks e: rms "bility rchef Coi>Ctlyecap ure =nd effe"/tvNlyeutelise rme >vailable onsin ces Ct use/ofhwy"e/, iofhwy"e/fin agricul urePbyem"postsnro raise crop"pcodus II"ombi >doptiit-of rain-wy"e/fharves/?p; reorniquNs, dms5gned rchcap ure run-ofe wy"e/fdurmp; rms mo NDIi> ngsseem"postsnneed-to be >pplied rmrourn">A rms country>an-a ma.stvNescere, both i, rurer aatrprago" tc pcoposersPdem>/"SS it "mop; rms maduana urerlyeenda>atternmafedmgrad" t0< rm>trha: rakennplaONei, rectr_Deve-willhpd=sess rms fourthrlargestPhcs ND Li17/"lis" tit/ofhtrade>willhhttp up new opRESEunitiesP

 ngs eomrg?p; glob"l scwillhhttp up ;ity"e/fopRESEunitiesP

bou1 rm>tr"aneRrovtde an attc>"/tvNecommmrower eaI< opRESEunity rm>tr"ould exte<>  Computervs" tit, "oupled-withrlow caduaglob"l telecommunic" t0rePgenh/" tp; rapidagrowtrtofhrrade>in serviON businesses,Psuchha: softwait "-cd=",ahorn-qualityPserviON.PAterms saom"tie",erms pch.sure

Cte Co, "12ines"mp; >  Growtrtieotms 15" Phfhrms inEcon" titer "apital ntkket>willhhttp up iDvitys?p;"opRESEunitiesP

"/ "/tp; a ;ity"e/f1har PhfhFDIaflows. Mobilis" tit/ofh_Deve'snexpatclursepopul" t0"/ on rms infnow of FDIaiD MSS.

ul" ed-inhrms lirneaof tgs eomrg?p; inEcon" titer hcs< "aIdvaCONd reornologiesaiD a widumrangeaof fields, i<020y"15gne Coue achimenome sniD fieldsPsuchha: pharmactu tcers, bioreornology, softwait, spaONP>< agrarvelohcs< "apriseP> rradi titer st/" tfiea sPowetyainto an egalit"rvelosPowety,Pwhile simult><,Preornologicer<>CON.iYe="il is e.searwer tma="bh snrurbul>CON"beamanag h >trprh.orve rms sPow"l fabrns/>   NDUnd tlyip; "ll itreplansPavoidaCONeofhconfwint.iItPiserms e.searwer lr dire"/t0s well">s from withinnitreminds. Ou1 capacityerchpch.orve >Ctes sn>s well">s rms wisdom >s"s rchremove d,justiONse>vour.

 pment Home PteinsPrchrhduss rms extee hofhrmsse dispartties>in ssmeewaysPwhile etoravurip;"bhum in opo ts. ics< dispartties>atoravurseperc

Cce betwee, eub-n" titer, linguistica>.cl>a> NDI/i> NDAhpd=ittvNest/" egye

s"iveermsir st/"128"efrom our cul ure, cCvilis" tit/and freudom struggle.I

r"ond d,tas ro affe"/ rms behav?our rfmato ten" tons. While pa>s mmlit"ryepo>tris eomrg?p; i Pmuduabs muchhmoreebroadlyeco<,Preornologicer,PsPower l-->mp; rolind, inEcon" titer affairsnmayebe as imRESEue P>sea/st/op;Pmmlit"ryerchrms pch.orv" tit/and dment Home Pof n" titer pow sn"le-c"aed,aegocme rica>e: eldnwill"r"mcd, our horn st st/" egic Rriority.> ND i>

 _Deve'snecs< ="/ on rms fun"/t0COy, transtar>COy, >"count"bility d, gr-2rnome P>g>COies aeaall"lments. NDE-gr-2rnaCONPh>s rms Rdlearwer, if furly harnessed aCON,aqualityPaCOy of ytions/adhinist/" tvePserviONs,nwhile enhaCOip;"bhumabilityPof ineCvidual-citizetl-rchexpch.s/>>rmreaEs.PAemoreepcos "/ervsedebyeanbet"e/-hdus" edhhlm"/okatee>Ct, >"count"ble,tef Coi>Ct and debme rerisea gr-2rnome .

 Fulfilmme hofhrmisnv2020t, wePome snof ou1 shar dhcul urePap aligh1D a"form_i_Toc26694196e="Contac_Toc26694196e>h1> 1. InEcodus I0< h1Dignp NDAncsstit e: nouaahpcoje"/ r tESEPo1 "rplanerarget.iItPiseteoaiticulaE20 ND


tr_Deve-willhbead,-h220.PTwme y yocks-dl-rco lop;na decades"heCONm0 8"enes="ll wePhazardh"rpcoje"/20< ofhtms hard terchmeesure evoe ualities?

decade ofhtms 21st Cme ury liesPbehi barriek rm>tris ompenet/"ble byPst>tisticarofhwtdedpr--> famiCnwerlyedepewould beehav?p; 15gne Coue surpluses? Whoe"ould haveeae wcipa ed rms shee/f1peed-of Japa<'snriseaiD rms 1970s/>pristp; st>gn" t0s ro folnow just two>yocks-l" er? In 1983,nwhenr_Deve'sntotal softwait ed"ESEs werNm0yocks->would beere"ognised-arousea/majh1 IT Rdw2r? In ecklye1989,twho "ould fou2see-tma="bhu farleof bhu Bcolt& Wall,rrms endeof bhu Cold-War,rrms br--k up of bhu USSRn>would arleoccurawithd, 24 motrhe wasaun"ble rchgra.prrms "1h1oous RdlearwerPof rms _DEconethuntit it h-> >lr-->y"1pawned-a glob"l revolut20<. Tms growtrt/" snof ou1 cities,Pwhichhmirrorsaglob"l tretrwe Rredic ed just ftvs yocksP>go.

 Planntp; >s two>decades"ait beyoome rm>tr"aneen"ble us"/20trmaduadifes">Cti"lesPus from "po te.peowesP>drtvNserms evolut20<"ryepcogch.s offhentei/a. 2020 |chConres >rsubtle blendeof henilityPa   NDFh1 a csst0s well">s rms Rroblems >trimpedeaitrepcogch.s> ND.r_Deeed, it e: rms fo cesPwhichhopREseaitrepcogch.strgenh/" se ms"trwill"beaachimend.

trwe lackt/" n termannonnwm>trwe pd=sess,P

sn"leaofhsuper-abutrwe pd=sessein rms maduarapid,tef Coi>Ct and organisiommannnr.

tr"anebs harnessed roeacchlh/" e rms n" tit's dment Home ,e>s well">s rms obstaole: rm>trmuduabs o-2rvsme, >dvaCONarapidla. Itrmuduaf/"SSly>awn past errorsaaaprieism basiom0trwe decidumirhhow-wNeant.iBu , eCo"rly,Prmsre "anebs no scrttP

trdep/tvNeus of rms freudom aOur v2020 ND.

trait "vailable roerms n" ton,P>tten"tonerc rms pch.oe PRroblems >atrish_Deve. Alrmourn rms pch.oe PReytions/ofh_Deve-is >ryous aneaif tgs lop;2st livtp; cCviliz" t0dmi/Eed-bmfo1e bhu British Pckliaome : "I"haveer/"veled avros: rms lm128"e>8"eof _Deve-"rbeggar,rwho is >rthiHom#_ftn2e="Contac_ftnref2">[1]h1> P Tmus, it would beew/op;Prchst" e rma Pepe1947 _Deve-en"r/ed rchcrtrhad-fou ed rms trwe seek ro fo1>ul" e itrev2020   NDWmsre tgs mi is

Wmsre knowledgePis

Wmsre rms worldPh>s nouabsen broktp up iDro fragome sI/i>


Wmsre words"vsmeeitl from rms deptrtofhrrutn.I/i>

Wmsre rwrelh.s st/tv?p;"stre chesPdEs

Wmsre rms clock"stream offrhyson h>s noualaduai/snwyyI/i>

Inrc rms drhyryedes2rt s>bit.I/i>

Wmsre rms mi

Inrc e-2r-widen?p;"rmournt a"/t0<.I/i>

Inrc rm>trheavenhof freudom, my F" n t, letmmy country>awake.I/i>


Rabinarana h Tago1eI/i>

ul" e ancohestvNev2020 |

trha: opspiiticulaEedebyhRabinrana h Tago1e-isealrttemp Prchrransl" e rmsmeiD Hi/" titer tou wi

CterchCo"druple rms ND

< growtrthaveea telop;nwithrrms short-tou ecs< pekfh1o"CONs.inwo>yocks-ago,rrms glob"l boom,rrms ITtrevolut20< rms 9-10 pe/fbme hgrowtrt/" ssnrma PChin" achimend r-2r a twme y yock CONeshowtp; rmat if wNecen adopt > lop;erPtou pekspe"/tvNerm>trishnouablmpdedebyhim"all"it circumsEuecesP>  From > historicarCtlyeChin", ait ollu.dt" tvs if tgis poie . iAnoobje"/tvNea=sessome nchveatsnrm>trall the majh1 e12inesPof ecs< growtrtrm>trhavs acchlh/" edagrowtrtup till"now,rwill"beapch.oe Pd, gity"e/fabuhad-been-eD rms past.

"p NDE12inesPof ics< Growtr> ND

Ø Edus" titartlmentsn>re ris?p; rapidla. Ø RalesPof reornologicerØ Ch--per >aØ Inavailable d, gity"e/fCo"arwtyPaØ Glob"lis" tit/iseottpep; up new ntkkets. i>I/i> lilig/ullignp  

sn"lemme hofh"spi<" tits>atrac titPneedsProebe basiom0   NDAssumtp; rmat _Deve-"chimensermis Co"druplmp; of ttainha lment of dment Home Pfar horn termannwmsre Chin" dl-rcday, >CONs of rms many n" tons rm>trhavs alr-->y"passed rmrournethese-st>gesPof dment Home . iFrom rmsir experi>CONs _Deve-ehould ende>vour roeacConrePthe nnd tlyip; prmpciplesP>tr"anermsn"be >pplied a ropclurslyerchou1 owD speow CotcasN.i Tmsrefo1e,a NDwe rmfer roerms aenrage pekfh1o"CON if tgis group if UMIevountries >sea/signpd="

"himeable goersPby-h220> ND.rTable 1Pcomparesr_Deve'sncurrme /sn"lus onessmeekeyeparamet7/laof dment Home Pwithrrms aenrage lment achimend byeangroup if UMIevountries. Itnmayebe noued-rmaeawNeareenotrholdep; up bhu UMIevountries >serms goer

sea/rmfer>CONepoie -rchd,dtce e rms magnitudoeofhpcogch.s<_DeveaneedsProemakeeinadifes">Ct fields. NDOur v2020rmssePonfer>CONelmentsnbe="rchsurpas: rmsm iD manytcasNs> ND.

"p ND

"p ND

"p ND

"p ND

"p ND

"p ND

"p ND

"p ND

"p ND

"p ND

"p ND

"p ND

"p ND

"p ND

"p ND

"p ND

"p ND

"p ND

"p ND

"p NDTable : 1PPPPPPPPpment Home er Paramet7/laaeaa GlaCON

"p ND_Deve> NDcl>aPch.oe Pvs. UMIeRnfer>CONe


"p ND < align-arign="c"a"p NDpment Home er Paramet7/l < alig/tdligtdhwtdth="91"hvArign="top"lign-arign="c"a"p ND_Deve> NDcl>aPch.oe < alig/tdligtdhwtdth="152e=vArign="top"lign-arign="c"a"p NDUMIeRnfer>CONe

ND< alig/tdlig/trligtrligtdhwtdth="381"hvArign="top"lignD< Pr-2rty">s %eof Rdpul" t0"p 26< alig/tdligtdhwtdth="152e=vArign="top"lign-arign="c"a"p 13< alig/tdlig/trligtrligtdhwtdth="381"hvArign="top"lignD< Invsmeedi.dtibut20"p 37.8< alig/tdligtdhwtdth="152e=vArign="top"lign-arign="c"a"p 48.5< alig/tdlig/trligtrligtdhwtdth="381"hvArign="top"lignD< Unemployome P/" sn(%tofhlabou1 "p 7.3< alig/tdligtdhwtdth="152e=vArign="top"lign-arign="c"a"p 6.8< alig/tdlig/trligtrligtdhwtdth="381"hvArign="top"lignD< MalNeadul ariteracy /" sn(perc"p 68< alig/tdligtdhwtdth="152e=vArign="top"lign-arign="c"a"p 96< alig/tdlig/trligtrligtdhwtdth="381"hvArign="top"lignD< FemalNeadul ariteracy /" sn(perc"p 44< alig/tdligtdhwtdth="152e=vArign="top"lign-arign="c"a"p 94< alig/tdlig/trligtrligtdhwtdth="381"hvArign="top"lignD< Neuaprimyryeschoor"p 77.2< alig/tdligtdhwtdth="152e=vArign="top"lign-arign="c"a"p 99.9< alig/tdlig/trligtrligtdhwtdth="381"hvArign="top"lignD< Ptions/expes %eGNP< alig/tdligtdhwtdth="91"hvArign="top"lign-arign="c"a"p 3.2< alig/tdligtdhwtdth="152e=vArign="top"lign-arign="c"a"p 4.9< alig/tdlig/trligtrligtdhwtdth="381"hvArign="top"lignD< Life expe"/aCOyeaeabirtrtieoyocks< alig/tdligtdhwtdth="91"hvArign="top"lign-arign="c"a"p 64< alig/tdligtdhwtdth="152e=vArign="top"lign-arign="c"a"p 69< alig/tdlig/trligtrligtdhwtdth="381"hvArign="top"lignD< Infue mESEuli/a>/"rseper 1200 liveabirtrs< alig/tdligtdhwtdth="91"hvArign="top"lign-arign="c"a"p 71< alig/tdligtdhwtdth="152e=vArign="top"lign-arign="c"a"p 22.5< alig/tdlig/trligtrligtdhwtdth="381"hvArign="top"lignD< Cmilommalnutri tit">s %eofhomilortp und t-5 yocksebasiom0"p 45< alig/tdligtdhwtdth="152e=vArign="top"lignp hhhhhhhhhhhhhh8< alig/tdlig/trligtrligtdhwtdth="381"hvArign="top"lignD< Ptions/expes %eGNP< alig/tdligtdhwtdth="91"hvArign="top"lign-arign="c"a"p 0.8< alig/tdligtdhwtdth="152e=vArign="top"lign-arign="c"a"p 3.4< alig/tdlig/trligtrligtdhwtdth="381"hvArign="top"lignD< Commmrower eah/gy "o"p 486< alig/tdligtdhwtdth="152e=vArign="top"lign-arign="c"a"p 2002< alig/tdlig/trligtrligtdhwtdth="381"hvArign="top"lignD< Ele"/ricapo>"p 384< alig/tdligtdhwtdth="152e=vArign="top"lign-arign="c"a"p 2460< alig/tdlig/trligtrligtdhwtdth="381"hvArign="top"lignD< Telephaneseper 1200 Rdpul" t0<< alig/tdligtdhwtdth="91"hvArign="top"lign-arign="c"a"p 34< alig/tdligtdhwtdth="152e=vArign="top"lign-arign="c"a"p 203< alig/tdlig/trligtrligtdhwtdth="381"hvArign="top"lignD< Peks0<"l computerseper 1200 Rdpul" t0<< alig/tdligtdhwtdth="91"hvArign="top"lign-arign="c"a"p 3.3< alig/tdligtdhwtdth="152e=vArign="top"lign-arign="c"a"p 52.3< alig/tdlig/trligtrligtdhwtdth="381"hvArign="top"lignD< Sci>Ctes sn& e12ines"s ieoR&Deper mill20< pdpul" t0<< alig/tdligtdhwtdth="91"hvArign="top"lign-arign="c"a"p 149< alig/tdligtdhwtdth="152e=vArign="top"lign-arign="c"a"p 590< alig/tdlig/trligtrligtdhwtdth="381"hvArign="top"lignD< Sm"/okal Composi toneof GDP ieoperc"p Nr /p 28 Nr /p 26 Nr /p 46< alig/tdligtdhwtdth="152e=vArign="top"lign-arign="c"a"p Nr /p 6 Nr /p 34< align-arign="c"a"p 60< alig/tdlig/trligtrligtdhwtdth="381"hvArign="top"lignD< InEcon" titer rrade>in grods">s %eof Rpp GDP< alig/tdligtdhwtdth="91"hvArign="top"lign-arign="c"a"p 3.6< alig/tdligtdhwtdth="152e=vArign="top"lign-arign="c"a"p 35< alig/tdlig/trligtrligtdhwtdth="381"hvArign="top"lignD< Fh1eignedire"/ inv"stome n>s %eof grosse"apital "p 2.1< alig/tdligtdhwtdth="152e=vArign="top"lign-arign="c"a"p 24.5< alig/tdlig/trligtrligtdhwtdth="381"hvArign="top"lignD< GrosseFDIa>s %eof PPP GDP< alig/tdligtdhwtdth="91"hvArign="top"lign-arign="c"a"p 0.1< alig/tdligtdhwtdth="152e=vArign="top"lign-arign="c"a"p 3.5< alig/tdlig/trlig/tbodylig/t"blelignDWorldPpment Home PI,dtce orsI/i> (2001), Tms World B"SS.

 St/tv?p;"tchachimen rmssePonfer>CONelmentsn>serms dmyou in" t0"p NDMajh1 C allenges<

Ø A rargeted a roaortrchbrmp; mill20Ø Genh/" toneof teØ Eradtce toneof ill2teracy. /liligli>Ø An"oØ ImRrovnd ytions/health rchrhduss infue mESEuli/a>>Ø Ma.stvNeinv"stome nieopdw2r genh/" ton, telecommunic" t0Ø Acchlh/" edaacConsi toneof reornology capabilitiesProeraise produs IIin agricul ure,aopeu.dtyØ Becom?p; a moreeimRESEue Pplaye/fin rms worldPhcsaCt-rmaeawNecasea/n" t0trwe do nouaknow

"himeeeit now /" n termannssmerie"hl" er. p aligh1D a"form_i_Toc24458654e="Contac_Toc24458654e>h1> a"form_i_Toc26694199e="Contac_Toc26694199e>h1> a"form_i_Toc23404810e="Contac_Toc23404810e>h1> a"form_i_Toc3975299e="Contac_Toc3975299e>h1> 2.hhhhhU,vsmm0syou ine n" titer dment Home Phaveech>t work,Pbe="rmsir rela/tvNecondtibut20lop;nsmenrar die"nstitsha: showD in rms figuit.


"p ND u>Shiftep; Deyou in"e seofhpment Home g/u>> ND< alig/tdlig/trligtrligtdhwtdth="600"lignp ND iDMaeufac urmp; I/i> ND iD®I/i> ND iD®I/i> ND iDhServiONs I/i> ND iDI/i> < alig/tdlig/trligtrligtdhwtdth="600"lignp ND iDCapital onsin ces I/i> ND iD®I/i> ND iD®I/i> ND iDhKnowledgePonsin ces I/i> ND iDI/i> < alig/tdlig/trlig/tbodylig/t"blelignD< 

< dment Home . Tms pchdo in"eceaof agricul urePiD rms least dment HedPhcsCtly,PserviONs,n>sermsy move up bhu ladaerPof dment Home . Asermis occurs, rms oalesPof ecs< growtrtte<>y"bevsmeerms dh in"e Pco"count?p;"fokn46epe/fbme hofhrhePtotal, be="ilsa1har Pe: still"far benow bhu UMIeonfer>CONelmenthofh60 pe/fbme . Tms country now h>s rms opRESEunityerchskip tgs lop;tslow phaseaof ineu.dtieris" tit/rma="bhu maduadment HedPn" tons haveepassed rmrourn,PatrmeeE hentenneeds,rgenh/" seemployome P"o-2rtp; bhu la ge/unorganisiomsegmme hofhrms hcss replaONde"apital >s rms maduaimRESEue deyou in"e Pof dment Home . In aepa h br--k?p;"studyein mid-1950s,nNoben lauity"eeecsduaRobeSEeSolow showed-rmaeasmenn-eirnehnof rms growtrtofhUS from 1900 to 1950 wasa>"counted-fouhbyereornicardvaCONsein knowledgePgenh/" tone(i.N. R&D) ><0 n te30 pe/fbme hto >dvaCONsein edus" tit. Bet"e/fonsin ceamanag ome ,ewhiortis< plannnrs ait "ble rchesoupe from rmsir ecklie/ffaitrtieo"apital > drao" tc examRle hfhhow-rms inputnofhgity"e/fknowledgePinhtms of sca ceala .dtik?p; insEueONeof how-rms impESEueONeof henten"apital has"vsmeeroeacConrePaahorn teposi tonermannbhaE>ofhm" srwerPplantP>

 Alrst20trishRd=sible,aknowledgePof how-ro onywise/i/,ebslimftieoou1selves, commitome Prchachimen,Pwill"  ngs knowledgePonvolut20Ct onsin ces or fac orsaofhpcodus I0< inhtms dment Home Ppcoch.s.

"p NDKnowledgePRevolut20< < alig/tdlig/trligtrligtdhwtdth="600"=vArign="top"ligulligli>Ø Byeone recØ Mod tn maeufac urmp; ineu.dtios depes muchhØ ThePserviONsese"/ok, whiorth>s rms gity"eduaRdlearwerP

< growtrtin rms worldPhcsØ ThePph"1homealegrowtrtofhemployome PRdlearwerPeD rmis cme ury h>s been-maduly>drtvNnebyhrms rapidaed"><020Ø Tms iticularlyeknowledge-o EcnstvePse"/oks. /lilig/ullig/tdlig/trlig/tbodylig/t"blelignD< 

NDcl>'snr" snof ecs< growtrt"anebs subsEue w"rlyeinvitysNd if rms country bevsmes >rsupe/pa>   a"form_i_Toc23404811e="Contac_Toc23404811e>h1> a"form_i_Toc3975300e="Contac_Toc3975300e>h1> Thus far,rrms polearwersPhaveebeen-narrowlyein rms exteestit >ul" e tms dment Home Prfmato tese"/oksPofhrms domesticahcstr"urrme lyeseparatus tms >dvaCtag h >dvaCtag h of ou1 n" tit. Ap>itPfrom genh/" tp;"new employome PopRESEunities,rrms applic" t0< ofh_TP"anevastlyeexteea >"ch.s"ch.s"count"bility aul" e dmmocra tcsea/speow Cotse"/ok, eD rmis r tESE,"weehaveecmoseCt h-->mp;s, like employome , hdus" tit, infrastruc ureP>trwe pd=sessein abu"p NDKnowledgePResin ces§ NDTeornology /liligli>§ NDOrganiz" tit> ND /lilig/ullig/tdlig/trligtrligtdhwtdth="600"=vArign="top"ligulligli>§ NDIn ND /lilig/ullig/tdlig/trligtrligtdhwtdth="600"=vArign="top"ligulligli>§ NDEdus" tit> ND /lilig/ullig/tdlig/trligtrligtdhwtdth="600"=vArign="top"ligulligli>§ NDSkirls> ND /lilig/ullig/tdlig/trlig/tbodylig/t"blelignD< ND iDTeornology i>: I/i>KnowledgePinhtms s openio up bhu apRESEunitye

COytofhlocknmp; mane old. In adai tit, itecay"rrans"ch.s< growtr, be="ahmeensP

of ou1 fields. Inhtms enrages,erchloentsntwo,rrmreumirhy"achimend it

sea/n" t0<. Fiterly, knowledgePinhtms   NDOrganis" tit: i> I/i>Teornology os nouarms anlyeknowledgefonsin ceanow abu"ch.sCONniD organis" tit. Organis" tit os nouh?p; be="rms know-how

Ctlye>s muchh>s reornology. Weehaveerms opRESEunityerchfashionenew >   ND i>In i> i>: I/i>Physicer<>g>CEsg>CE-rco atr"aralyst e: inCte CotaCtes ro1 "n e12ines"hto >dopt new innov" tits >pplic" t0disse in" nd ytions/inrhadpital oknmedicerdvaCtag aofhptions/pcogcammms. InCONm><02en,PRcodus IIs advaCONome .

 Tcday, rms aenrage _Devets >"ch.sdvaCONdPn" tons a few>decades"ago. Tms fairlyeeasy >" plaONderms worldP>t ou1 fip;ertips. Spr--> of indvaCceome aof telecommunic" t0<020s well">s rms reca   ND i>Edus" tit> i> i>: I/i>Wm>trishtrue of ins well. Disse in" t0< of useful in"cumulaEedeknowledgeP>CONnofhpast genh/" tonsero-itsPyouth inha systema tc<>"ch.sCONn>dvme hofhrms _DEconethtma="en"bleseuserchreach>oe="rchsin ces ofeknowledgeP>rou   ND i>Skirls> i> i>: I/i>Pcodus IIs skirls <0 n tecompanee hofhrms reowous hentenonsin ce-rmaeawNecability rchdire"/ hentenenh/gy ef Coi>Ctlyerchachimen desirable goers.PAela ge/ch.oren nofhurhugNea=set.iItPtakes both knowledgeP>s well.

 Alrtrwe haveeepumh/" ed-toornology,aorganis" tit,hinareeutelised,fknowledgePonsin ces/it negliriblea"ost.

 Historicarly, dment Home Phas occurrea und teconai titsPd, whichha" re.dtic/ea tcha"rela/tvNlyhsmallrpESE20< ofhtms Rdpul" t0<. Tms disti: aPonsin ceamakesPdEhRd=sible,a


< diseasNs->  Tcdayh_Deve-is rhePsecona maduapdpulouse"ountry in rms world,awithhabitl 1.04 bill20< p<0 n te300-350 mill20<, eD dpitehofhcondinuouseeffESEs/"rss.i Tmosmwould raisee ms"totalrpopul" t0< rransit20>>/"rss-a of itselmenthepe1941Pas nearlyedoublededurmp; rgis p/"rss-haveebeen-followed-byeanste->y"declineain birtrt/"rss,Pbe="rmi: declinePh>s nouabsen a: steep">s rms ferl-inedeatrt/" s; eve, af"e/fr"a"hing/"rss, tms Rdpul" t0<-willhcncrwndi-to grow"bevaussnof la ge/numbers offyou  While a=sess?p;"fu ure pcospe"/s,ail is nech.s"ryerchrakeeintchaccoun="bhu vast regtiter difes">CONsein dmmograph>< paramet7/l. Popul" t0s rec>Ctlyedechlh/" edabenow 2 pe/fbme h

8"eof rms country. Smenrar sn"les iD ssuth Ipeve havs alr-->y"r"a"hed, h1 ait "boe="rch>ttain,rm>trwould ensure a zero ;iowtrt/" snof Rdpul" t0<-iD rms ldp; rut. OD rms 0 n temand, iD manytsn"les iD north Ipeve, chara"/erised-byehorn fertili/a>/"rss, itnmayerakeesmenrar decades"rchreach>rms r"plaONome PlmenthofhCtwersPd,hloentsnrfmmoSEuli/a, espeow"rlyein infue >  A="bhu n" titartlment,ntwo "rEcon" s scenalios

< goersPof rms N" titartPopul" t0 ND.r Und tethe onywisticascenalio65"foknmalesP>s g/sup> Cme ury.

s gtvNnein Table 2.

"p NDTable 2: tPopul" t0[GJ3]h1> "p ND2200 < alig/tdligtdhwtdth="96" noWrap="true"=vArign="bottom"lign-arign="c"a"p ND2205 < alig/tdligtdhwtdth="84" noWrap="true"=vArign="bottom"lign-arign="c"a"p ND2210 < alig/tdligtdhwtdth="108" noWrap="true"=vArign="bottom"lign-arign="c"a"p ND2215 < alig/tdligtdhwtdth="108" noWrap="true"=vArign="bottom"lign-arign="c"a"p ND2220> ND< alig/tdlig/trligtrligtdhwtdth="108" noWrap="true"=vArign="bottom"lignp Total< alig/tdligtdhwtdth="96" noWrap="true"=vArign="bottom"lign-arign="c"a"p 1210< alig/tdligtdhwtdth="96" noWrap="true"=vArign="bottom"lign-arign="c"a"p 1293< alig/tdligtdhwtdth="84" noWrap="true"=vArign="bottom"lign-arign="c"a"p 1175< alig/tdligtdhwtdth="108" noWrap="true"=vArign="bottom"lign-arign="c"a"p 1256< alig/tdligtdhwtdth="108" noWrap="true"=vArign="bottom"lign-arign="c"a"p 1331< alig/tdlig/trligtrligtdhwtdth="108" noWrap="true"=vArign="bottom"lignp Und te15< alig/tdligtdhwtdth="96" noWrap="true"=vArign="bottom"lign-arign="c"a"p 361< alig/tdligtdhwtdth="96" noWrap="true"=vArign="bottom"lign-arign="c"a"p 368< alig/tdligtdhwtdth="84" noWrap="true"=vArign="bottom"lign-arign="c"a"p 370< alig/tdligtdhwtdth="108" noWrap="true"=vArign="bottom"lign-arign="c"a"p 372< alig/tdligtdhwtdth="108" noWrap="true"=vArign="bottom"lign-arign="c"a"p 373< alig/tdlig/trligtrligtdhwtdth="108" noWrap="true"=vArign="bottom"lignp 15-64< alig/tdligtdhwtdth="96" noWrap="true"=vArign="bottom"lign-arign="c"a"p 604< alig/tdligtdhwtdth="96" noWrap="true"=vArign="bottom"lign-arign="c"a"p 673< alig/tdligtdhwtdth="84" noWrap="true"=vArign="bottom"lign-arign="c"a"p 747< alig/tdligtdhwtdth="108" noWrap="true"=vArign="bottom"lign-arign="c"a"p 819< alig/tdligtdhwtdth="108" noWrap="true"=vArign="bottom"lign-arign="c"a"p 882< alig/tdlig/trligtrligtdhwtdth="108" noWrap="true"=vArign="bottom"lignp 65+< alig/tdligtdhwtdth="96" noWrap="true"=vArign="bottom"lign-arign="c"a"p 45< alig/tdligtdhwtdth="96" noWrap="true"=vArign="bottom"lign-arign="c"a"p 51< alig/tdligtdhwtdth="84" noWrap="true"=vArign="bottom"lign-arign="c"a"p 58< alig/tdligtdhwtdth="108" noWrap="true"=vArign="bottom"lign-arign="c"a"p 65< alig/tdligtdhwtdth="108" noWrap="true"=vArign="bottom"lign-arign="c"a"p 76< alig/tdlig/trlig/tbodylig/t"blelignD< Scenalio 2225", _Dstituee of Ecs< Growtr, New   


: againstPrms Rdpul" t0<"growtrtofhmuchhlo>aI A: showD in Table 2,cl>ail is expe"/nomrchriseefrom 604 mill20 ND.rTmis riseewillP>ccme u" e tms aCONeof tgsse age struc ur"l ch>COyt/" ion(/" ionof non-work?p; ageapopul" t0mp;"rchrms laun"hingCOy, aCtly,Pa"grow?p;"stocktof surplus fhoa graiesebyhtms mid-1970s. Happily,Psuchh>"bhre>trno ldp; teexes sn

s exceededaRdpul" t0<"growtrt

of tms Rastrrmreumdecades.

 Statistics pch.oe Pa-confus?p;"pic urePof _Deve'snRcogch.s<0mop; allrloentsnrfmtms Rdpul" t0<. A="bhu saom"bie",egraieesurplusss-haveer"a"hed p--kelmentsn>COmp; rgis tre§-Redus I0< inhcaloree chConreome Pddi-to a moreesedear"ryelife stylea"mop; both tms rurer<>"ch.s§-Divers?fic" t0< ofhrms _DevetCt fhoa ro meeE rms makket deoand, be="arsohensur?p;"thauaall"citizensehaveerms onConredtpn chys?p;"powCONeof milom>CONeof micro COeesPsuchh>s anaemve e: arsoh-2ry horn.

 ngs RroblemPof omronCotm>"ron>"cumulaE20< ofhla gertfioa bufes" stocks. Nokrha: tms Rtions/disdtibut20in an effe"/tvNemannnr. Targeted n e.searwer as onePofhrhePn" tit'snhorneduaRriorCt conai tit

infe"/tonse>s well">s cul urer fac orsaresponstblea

Assurnompcovi020"himeeerms goerPof Fhoa

vast farm?p;"popul" t0<-as a majh1 fhoa ex"ESEer> ND.rBoth as a c="llenge/as a  Cncrwndid growtrtofhbhu agricul urePsec orPis p>iticularlyeimRESEue bevaussni PplaysPsuchh>Pvital oole>in genh/" tp;"Rt chys?p;"pows g/sup> Cme urye in rms north-west tt"> rapidlain rms north-west tt">"himeeea 3.77 pe/fbme r>gricul urer  ngsr Pe: "1h1oous scrttP

<020Ct ussnof irrig" titPRdlearwer,erainwy"e/rharvcsti<;, aon majh1 crops ranks"far benow bhu worldP>enrage.rTmis low pcodus IIcondtibutNserchnow farmaopvsmes-a"himeeeyieldsPcomparable rchrmsirnfo1e5gn-counterpartserill"rec>Ctly;Pbe="rmsss horn >"himeers ait " rareeexcep t0<. NDPcogch.sien of ou1 soilo>s well">s en"bleerms country>to utelisNelesshfertileaaitysP

"p NDSt"gesP0f Agricul urer1. Pre-Green-Revolut20< /lilig/ullig/tdligtdhwtdth="422"=vArign="top"lignD< Boaduain produs IIgrowtrtofhcoarssngraiese>2. Green-Revolut20< /lilig/ullig/tdligtdhwtdth="422"=vArign="top"lignD< Ed"><020of wheat a adopt20<020gricul urer3. Post-Green-Revolut20< /lilig/ullig/tdligtdhwtdth="422"=vArign="top"lignD< Cncrwndid growtrtin produs IIrmrournei Ecnstfic" t0< ofhchemicer<>growtr. Ed"><0204. Commmroweris" tit/ /lilig/ullig/tdligtdhwtdth="422"=vArign="top"lignD< Further divers?fic" t0< ofhcropHtp; pa=dmrnsPfrom now value/rchhorn value/crops suchh>s frui s, veget"bles, flowers >dvaCtag aofhrms libnraris" tit/ofho Econ" titer trademwill"reConre, firs="and thauaagricul urN ca<020"himeeegity"e/fRcodus IoneeffCoi>COy. A suit"ble larsohneed-rc"be imRl ome ed, basiom0rsohbe n e.tim" sd 45epe/fbme hofhrotalrlaity. ND_Deve'snobje"/tvNefh1 h220 muduanouaonlyebePrchpcoduss tms dvaCtag sPdEhRd=sesses-agro-"lim" icavarwety,oirrig" tit,/sci>Cte CotcapabilitiesP>.

 FigureP1 depi"/s tgehpcoje"/ed ND.

"p a"form_i_Ref3080633e="Contac_Ref3080633e>h1> FigureP1: Currme &ePcoje"/ed Fhoa Pcodus I0< vs. Deoand in 2220



aitys.iSuchh>nhachimenome Pis well"withieor"a"h,eproviasd tmsr Pe: rms onConsitehcommitome Prchrais?p;"crop produs IIrmrournedisse in" t0< of >dvaCONdPreornologies; opvitys?p;"inv"stome nieoirrig" tit,/ch.oa ch a  While COytofhtms Rtions/fioa disdtibut20s fioa vouchers o1 fhoa sEumps. NDFh1 tms vast majh1ityPofhrhs Rdpul" t0<, fhoa securi/a ca/"rss. AseRdpul" t0<"growtrtslowsCt fhoa ro feed e-2ryone,Pbe="i Phas ye PrchmeeE rms c="llenge/ofhgenh/" tp;"suffCoi>Ct employome PopRESEunities to ensure thauaall"iEschConre. NDGainful employome Pis onePofhrhePmaduae.searwer conai titsPfo1 fhoa securi/a a< securi/a.rConenrsely, fhoa securi/a is >n e.searwer chConreome P

of _Deve'snwork.

 _Deve'snlaboer/s rea"hed 375 mill20<020/"rss, hdus" titartenrolome Pa hhorn telmentsn>/"rss. NDPcoje"/tonsebasiom0bitl 160-170 mill20 ND.

bitl 27 mill20Ct age groupsn> g/sup>of tms unhmployedaaitnieocurer<>itys/>mop; rmsm/areetdus" ed. Tms rechavs further aggcave Nderms si u" t0<. Aeclock consensus e: now emerg?p;"thauamajh1 ch>< powioy >  Fu ure r" ssPof unhmployome Pwill"depeCt se"/oks,e>s well">s rms giowtrt/" snof rmenecsllenge/rms country> ND.

trn" urerlyebegetsfrms Coe.ti0< growtrPwould bs onConredt

rms Rroblem. Tms rirnt que.ti0skPe:: Ha>aimRESEue isPdEhro-use>sea/n" t0<A" e.searwer "ompanee hofhfreudom of ecs< choiON.iaI Ab.oeONmof suchhopRESEunityemeensPdeprivtp; ou1 youp;"nouaonlyeof ecs< freudom be="of hrttP>s well. ND_Deve ND.

nhambi tius goerPatrrco withieotms framework ofhaanon-subsidisiomntkket ecs< sci>CON.iItPisews, thu n" tit, rma hhaveero dmcidePwm>trwe wue ro accomRlish >asmwilltp; weaait ro changeaourea=di udes >"himeeermi: desirable goer. Weecs"himeable.

 A"hime?p;"fullrhmployome Pwill"chConre a"chorime y"?0< of n" titer Rrior"himeeen" titer goersPhasmbsen la gelyedone 0 c  Dedpiteharpe/sistCOytroe>ssPowetnrhmployome Pwithhla ge/opeu.dtysec or,aweamuduainvludoean a=sessome aof iEsnha=sessome awillhhaveero bs made

condtibutNse92epe/fbme hofhrhePcountry'snemployome P>pe/funit ofhRcodus Ion,e>s comta/ea tchrms organisiomsec or. Tms Rtions/organisiomsec orPhasmbsen ar tchsme shonlye2.5epe/fbme hofhallrjobs. Eveneif rmi: sec orPgrows byP30 pe/fbme hper >ccoun="

cin rhePcountry'snemployome PsE/" egy. Tmosmwill"reConre mod?fic" t0< ofhRowiowesPaCONs ofhdifes">Ct countriesPin rme condmx="ofhglob"lis" tit/arsohdmmonst/" oerha hSMEs areebet"e/finsulaEedefrom rms pch.suresegenh/" sd byerms vol" tlity ofhworld tradem>h-2ry imRESEue vehiclea

trishtrue of rhePmaduadment Hed-countrwesPrcdayhwillhbs true

cruower oole>in ensur?p;"_Deve'snipEcon" titer comteti tvenhsshaCt se"/oks chveers > vast untapHed-hmployome Ppolearwer inha wtdeerangeaof fieldsPforhu wistmof speowf>< sec/oks withhtms la gestegross-hmployome Ppolearwer pe/funit ofhoutput.

"p a"form_i_Ref3080670e="Contac_Ref3080670e>h1> NDTable §- NDCommmroweraagricul urN §- b>Agro-opeu.dty<&eagri-bus?pess§- b>AffESesEa tit"

§- b>Retailo>§- b>Toerism§- b>Housipg§- b>Const/us Ion§- b>Garmse Pineu.dty§- b>Oto tesmallrscale &emedium ineu.dtios§- b>IT &eIT en"bled"soreices§- b>Edus" tit"§- b>Health§- b>Fin"nowerasoreices§- b>Trans"ESE §- b>CommunicaE20§- b>Community soreicesaI






p>   Sin ce: Compiledefrom Plannmp; Commis020< docuome s.

tcha"s5gne Coue growtrtin hn-farmaemployome PopRESEunities. Ha><020s comta/ea withh70 rch80 pe/fbme hd,-countrwesPsuchh>s Brazil, Malaysiyt>dai tital off-farmajobs. PowiowesPare in rou wiof l>gri-bus?pessncould genh/" smmill20dai tital jobs.

ity (abitl 71 mill20n imRESEue oole>in enviropome er suduainability atrlieaoutsidePrhu n" titartdai tit tch30 mill20<0e,Prms "ountry isea/neuaimRESE t<0e ofhwasteladai tital aitytplaONdeund teRlat a tit"of s bamboo, ccsuarmpa, hus"lyptus o1 oil-bearmp; Rlat sncait ris?p; ana 0 n tesec/okstofhbhu ecsit dment H?p;.


ffESesEa tit.iIDvitys?p;"pcosperin agricul urePwillhn" urerlyel--> tchrms growtrtofhnhn-farmajobs in agri-ineu.dtios,hagro-bus?pessnana 0 n teoccupaE20s g/sup> Cme ury, opvitys?p;"domesticadeoand foknmaeufa"/urea produs s/> ND.


Pvibrue growtrtofhrms _Devets rms fieldP

s as a vehiclea

ofhineu.dty, >s a labore ora>

s aEmployome Pin rmu regist-ov t"bhu RastrSS yocks> ND.- b>A>r teti t0< ofhtmis/pe/ ND.-Aa"omprehcnstvePpackagetofhvme urehcapital,hcreai ,"libnraris" tit/ofhcondtols, reornicar<020   NDByefer, thu la gestesec or.s fin"nowerasoreices,finsuraCON, hdus" tit, health,tcoll"ce NgotiosPofhrrans"ESE sereices.iaINDByerms yock h220 moreermann120-130 mill20  Toerism-rela/ed/occupaE20attra"/smmoreermannfivs bie"seasmmanynfo1e5gn-toerists, edvludtp; vi02/okstfrom Hop; Kop;.iThailand,rMalaysiy, aattra"/ rmreumbons roads,rairportsPa  Numh/ousPstudtss-haveebsen und trakessh.s"bhu RdlearwersPofhrms _T opeu.dtyCte y speowf>< st/" egiesP  Tms recll"centr s,amedicer transcrip tit, reornicarCON showshrha , NDas"bhu apRlic" t0< ofhinfh1o" t0saamp;"ineu.dtiosnieotmis/ce Ngota.iTmsyPait arsohamop; rms fastestegrowmp; ineu.dtiosnieotms world. Addea tchrms0e,Prmsr Pe: "1h1oous scrttP

s clinicarCte Cotch.oa ch.

tPd, rmis/field.iIDvitys?p;"deoand foknhdus" tit"withieotms country ands well.

 Deoand foknhealthasoreices is/iy nurses >bitl twice/rma="rfm_Deve.i Ye Prms USCte CotoccupaE20bitl currme "loentsnrfmunhmployome P"ndhund temployome .gl>aaI Ha>ge grouphwill"mitig" smro ssms exteetmrms growtrtofhrms laboer/rms opvddeaONeof unhmployome Pshould bi-almaduaelimin" sd durmp; rgePsecona dmcade ofhtms cme ury> ND.


<, reornicar,/sci>Cte Co,/social, >in rhePworld community. ItPiserhs fPund" tit"

dap a tit"of sci>CON">s fioa is tchsureival/>Cce lmenthofh95epe/fbme .iLitouacyPmuduabe-constder dhrms mipimum rirnt >CcesParsohchmain amop; difes">Ct sec tonseof tms Rdpul" t0<.iLitouacyPamop; ntlnsee: nearlye50epe/fbme hhorn termannfentlns, aitys/>s comta/ea tchrms ocurer<>itys.iLitouacyP/"rss-/"ngeas 96epe/fbme hin ssms disdtis sPofhKnrara-rc"belowt30epe/fbme hin ssms partseofhMadhya Pradesh. Rarss-areP"rsohs5gne Coue lyelowCti"rt/" ss ofhRcogch.s l--verapproxim" sla<300 mill20it ruled"itl.iTmsssnare thehRllengesmof dment Home , bevaussntmsyPait l--duanConpHed-rchrapidlaffESd ro-ignoreermemPor l--verrmemPbehied. Tms Go-2rnome Phasmalr-->y se="a goerPrch>"himeee75epe/fbme hlitouacyPbyerms eA>10S pe/fbme hl2th/" smIpeve e: paramoun="boeonywis?p;"rms vi020s tchsme edPd, rmis/docuome > ND.-Evenewms<"bhise;oerPisn>"himeed, innov" tve approaches willhbs n i

rsohbe constder dh>s a<"lly,P"vailPof rgePsoower opRESEunities/>  _Deve'snedus" tit"systemPhasmed">Cce>aTms drop out>/"rs/was 40epe/fbme ha="bhu pcimyryPnmenthas citizens. Oe="of approxim" sla<200 mill20th sEuedard Rtions/exa in" t0<.

rsohdment H innov" tve approaches rchenhueONmknowledgeP>cConsit20/"rss,/byerms yock h216/tmsre-willhberapproxim" sla<500 mill20dvaCtag aofhrms soower ch><020/"rsstieocurer<>itys/is onePch.ul rfms?p;ls room schools,/withhfew reachtp; aidsha   ND

  NDA"hime?p;"10S pe/fbme henrolome PofhallrcmilortpPin rmu 6 rch14 yock age grouphis >n ambi tius be="a"himeablee;oerPfh1 h220> ND.-Tmosmmuduabe-couplnd withheffESEs rchopvitysNhtms CoalityP>< knowledgePbe="arsohwithhbhu valuesPas well">s >n alEcon" tveascenalio desigted-rchradic"rlyeenhueONmrms Coaarwty and<020roterPschool enrolome Pwould haveero d,vitysN bye75 mill20 ND.-Tma Pwill"chConre a"RcopESE20<" s ed"><020i ND. a"form_i_Ref3079399e="Contac_Ref3079399e>h1> a"form_i_Ref3079418e="Contac_Ref3079418e>h1>

  NDTable 4[GJ4]h1> - &nbt"ble bord t="1" wtdth="602"hcmllPadaing="0" cmllSpacmp;="0"ligtbodyligtrligtd wtdth="213" vArign="top"   < alig/tdligtd wtdth="72" vArign="top"&nbs-arign="c"a"p b>1980 < aligs-arign="c"a"p b>Ac u"r < alig/tdligtd wtdth="10S" vArign="top"&nbs-arign="c"a"p b>2200 < aligs-arign="c"a"p b>E.tim" sd < aligs-arign="c"a"p b> < alig/tdligtd wtdth="112" vArign="top"&nbs-arign="c"a"p b>22SS < aligs-arign="c"a"p b>Bus?pess-as "p b>22SS < aligs-arign="c"a"p b>Bsdu-case < aligs-arign="c"a"p b>Scenalio < alig/tdlig/trligtrligtd wtdth="213" vArign="top"  PcimyryPenrolome P(1-5)< alig/tdligtd wtdth="72" vArign="top"&nbs-arign="c"a"p 80%< alig/tdligtd wtdth="10S" vArign="top"&nbs-arign="c"a"p 89%< alig/tdligtd wtdth="112" vArign="top"&nbs-arign="c"a"p 100%< alig/tdligtd wtdth="105" vArign="top"&nbs-arign="c"a"p 100%< alig/tdlig/trligtrligtd wtdth="213" vArign="top"  El ome yryPenrolome P(1-8)< alig/tdligtd wtdth="72" vArign="top"&nbs-arign="c"a"p 77%< alig/tdligtd wtdth="10S" vArign="top"&nbs-arign="c"a"p 79%< alig/tdligtd wtdth="112" vArign="top"&nbs-arign="c"a"p 85%< alig/tdligtd wtdth="105" vArign="top"&nbs-arign="c"a"p 100%< alig/tdlig/trligtrligtd wtdth="213" vArign="top"  SeconayryPenrolome P(9-12)< alig/tdligtd wtdth="72" vArign="top"&nbs-arign="c"a"p 30%< alig/tdligtd wtdth="10S" vArign="top"&nbs-arign="c"a"p 58%< alig/tdligtd wtdth="112" vArign="top"&nbs-arign="c"a"p 75%< alig/tdligtd wtdth="105" vArign="top"&nbs-arign="c"a"p 100%< alig/tdlig/trligtrligtd wtdth="213" vArign="top"  Drop-out>/"rsP(1-5)< alig/tdligtd wtdth="72" vArign="top"&nbs-arign="c"a"p 54%< alig/tdligtd wtdth="10S" vArign="top"&nbs-arign="c"a"p 40%< alig/tdligtd wtdth="112" vArign="top"&nbs-arign="c"a"p 20%< alig/tdligtd wtdth="105" vArign="top"&nbs-arign="c"a"p 0%< alig/tdlig/trligtrligtd wtdth="213" vArign="top"  Drop-out>/"rsP(1-8)< alig/tdligtd wtdth="72" vArign="top"&nbs-arign="c"a"p 73%< alig/tdligtd wtdth="10S" vArign="top"&nbs-arign="c"a"p 54%< alig/tdligtd wtdth="112" vArign="top"&nbs-arign="c"a"p 35%< alig/tdligtd wtdth="105" vArign="top"&nbs-arign="c"a"p 0%< alig/tdlig/trlig/tbodylig/t"blelignp Sin cea: GarryPJacobs " Vi020rsohbe onConredtrcha"himeeerme/alEcon" tveascenalio,Pi.N.,eelimin" tp;"RrimyryPschool drop outs >Cce lment. Tcgetn t,/rmosmwill"chConre ahmployed. S?milarPi,vitysNsewillhbs onConredtauamiddle a changeain pedagogicerØ APshiftaØ APshifta

Ø APshifta< to pca"/ic"rlyeonlmeuet currmculumPØ APshiftas indeperfmedus" tit"is tchfost7/eieohach>chil>-rme/atdtibutNseadul s. ItPca<, "atainmp;, and isubje"/. AeTV basiomcurrmculumPca/e urnmp;"rchschool.

 New msthodshof dmlivetamwillhbs particularlyepech.syryPrchaugome P>cch.sdvaCc ome ; a"p a"form_i_Ref3079458e="Contac_Ref3079458e>h1> Table 5: GrowtrtofhHorn teEdus" titartI &nbt"ble bord t="1" wtdth="600"hcmllPadaing="0" cmllSpacmp;="0"ligtbodyligtrligtd wtdth="96" vArign="top"  Yocks< alig/tdligtd wtdth="156" vArign="top"  Colleges fokn"p 370< alig/tdligtd wtdth="204" vArign="top"&nbs-arign="c"a"p 208< alig/tdligtd wtdth="144" vArign="top"&nbs-arign="c"a"p 27< alig/tdlig/trligtrligtd wtdth="96" vArign="top"  1998< alig/tdligtd wtdth="156" vArign="top"&nbs-arign="c"a"p 7199< alig/tdligtd wtdth="204" vArign="top"&nbs-arign="c"a"p 2075< alig/tdligtd wtdth="144" vArign="top"&nbs-arign="c"a"p 229< alig/tdlig/trlig/tbodylig/t"blelignp Sin ce: Deta/tome Pof Edus" tit, Gov/. rfm_Deve.


  ND_Deve ND.-Aan" titer petwork of communityPcolleges, s?milarPrchrms hornly su"ch.sfurhAmer

cadea>< studtss.

it dmlivetedtauaa disdaCce rmrournealEcon" tveachannnts. nms rradi titers tublishers, fh1-Rcofi assisdaCce and foknsubje"/shrha h?pvolve"hands-onCtnieotms wayhiteusesmrhumbie"nofhbothhreachers >CON showshrha a"omput tchmuchhfastetP/"rss->mp;"as medici   NDOu1 ei020 ND.-Ase_Deve'sn_T revolut20Ct spmschstwill"depeCtea  Furr dment Home hrfm_Deve'sne1h1oous huntenRdtearwer will"chConre a"shiftaiD n" tital prioriDv"sts 4.1epe/fbme hofhGNPPoeohdus" tit. Tmosmcomta/e: unfavin "blyhwithhbhu UMIhchCce lmenthofh4.9 pe/fbme ,/espeow"rlyewith oountrwesPsuchh>s Sinth AfrA>nearhdoublmp;Pof iDv"stome snieohdus" titPis

s g/sup> cme ury. nms cncrwndous >dvaCc ome "of sci>CON">CON">Ct. Ahla ge/numberPof rhePcountry's approxim" sla<500 engtpe2rtp; colleges need-rc"be upgradedtrc"CoalityPsEuedardshnearer"rchbhosm"ofhrms _ITs,Pa  _Deve'sne1h1oous ntepo>Ctests >Ct Kalam obsorend rma h_Deve'snhuntenonsin ceabas ais onePofhotsngity"eduacoreecomtetencies. Tmisrishtrue inhabsoluts tou s,Pbe="ashah th ofhrhePUSth ofhrhePKoreaCtests >CON">th ofhrha="rfmKorea, 1/250th ofhrha="rfmrms USA,n>th ofhrha="rfmJapan. Morees5gne Coue ly,n>t/a>< enh/gy,aspace/>CON"ch.oa ch accoun="

ll"centrartspeed?p;"itPsci>CON">CON">Cte Cotoutpu rin 1998/was onlye1.58epe/fbme hofhrhePworld'sntoter. Oe="of 5,00,200 new pateetmapRlic" t0yock, Chin"t>ccoun=sn



Cte Cotch.oa ch organisaE20Ctests,nwsnhavePpot bsen able tchexteed thehmaome umhofhGrsen Revolut20Cte Cotpca"/icesPofhoer/CON">Cce lment.

Cte Cot>Ctests >Ctests in-univers?tiesn>llenge >ssumpetitsPand iCte Cotknowledge. O n tecountrwesnhavePdone a muortbet"e/fjob/ofhpcovid?p;"iptimum ?pcsn/tvNsnrchrmsi1 sci>Cte CotcommunityP>CcePand iCt se snofhskillsP>Ct cul ure. Manag ome Pofhreornology deoandsh?pnov" t0<,nglob"l comteti/tvNpess,n>ca"/eristics thauaareedifeicul to fost7/eund teasoc/oks. _f"rms n" titer R&Dnbodtss-doPpot reorganiserrmemselvNsnrch change.hGr>ss-roothconsul "pcy apcoje"/ consul "pcy, d,vludtp; Rcoje"/ impl ome " tit/ain deoand.

ND.-Inmrms USA,n>hla ge/RcopESE20Cte Cotch.oa ch a="bhu univers?tyelmenthis fin"nosd byebus?pess,P>mp;"univers?tiesnop t" smteornology incuba/okstdesigted-rchRromo e commmroweris" tit/ofhnew produs s/>CcePand Teornology Entr tchneur Parksn(STEPs) hasmbsen su"ch.sfurhin promo tp;"apRlic" t0< ofhreornologies,hnew bus?pessnsEaru-ups,-arsohbevsmeea growtrtineu.dtyCt comRaniesnrirntlyeferl-und terms ce Ngota/ofhnew produs Pdment Home . VastrRdtearwer exes sn

s bioroornology,apharmaceut2cers,hdesigter-made my"e/iers,ea  _Deve'sno v"stome nieorhs bioroornologyrsec orPis expe"/nomrchinvitysN ftve-foldPbyerms ersohexes n

  ND_DevePhasmthu pElearwerPof cncvertmp; itsnstrong R&Dninfrastruc urePintchaPglob"l ch.oa ch,hdesigt/>< growtrt>s well">s rms rype->dvaCtag a>onlye5epe/fbme hofhrhePcountry's laboer/s muort>s 96epe/fbme hin Korea. AmsE/" egy rcha"himeeefull"employome Pmuduainvludo">s >n imRESEue comtonear,aa"sE/" egy rchmnsure thauaall"pewtentraCts rchrms workre pciv" s. Tms roterPse" tp; capacm/a>iD tmsse ITIsPis 6.28 lakh. Mos Prfmrmi: rrainmp;Pisecondus edhd,-classroom style ieotms fh1orof one ro two yock diRloma coerses.iI< adai tit, abitl 1.65 lakhrpe/s0Cticeship voc" titer trainmp;Ph-2ry yock itPsEute-cun "aprises. _f"atwid tPdefinit20s i often deoandshfull"bie"nenrolome Pfh1 a"Rcolongea period. Ssmeevoc" titer fieldsPdoPpot leed themselvNsnrchclassroom or labore ota/studyrauaall.

ND.-Tme pciv" srsec or,"whiortRromo ea bhu /"pidhRcolife/" t0< ofhcomputCtmmech>s atmeensPrchomRrovn effCoi>COyPin bus?pess,Pgo-2rnome Pand fokmarow"ted.

&nbt"ble bord t="1" cmllPadaing="0" cmllSpacmp;="0"ligtbodyligtrligtd wtdth="616" vArign="top"&nbs-arign="c"a"p b>Us aofhComputR" ss ofhlocknmp;"0cadea>< >s well">s voc" titer h1 skirl-basiomsubje"/sha NPfoer/rchreComputnd iIuaelimin" ss rgePneed

Fh1 many rypes-rfmvoc" titer skills,ecomputrsohoffdvaCtag s"ov t"bhu livn dmlivetamof skillsPin a-classroom.Trainmp;Pcas tciv" srself-hmployed bus?pessesns?milarPrchrms STDnbooths->Ctests as (KVK)hoffyock, be="i PcaAgricul urer hdus" tit"cas tciv" sr"aprises onha commmrower basis.

/"rss,/life expe"/"pcy a/"rsP(IMR) hasmf>llene/"rsP(CBR) hasmdeclinNdr/"rsP(CDR) hasmf>llene/"rsP(CPR) ana tctalrfertmli/a>/"rsP(TFR) haveP"rsohimRrovnd subsEuerwerly.

Ct opvsme groups,fbetwsen curer<>ndhurbanCt sEutes"a/"rsPamop; rms pooreduaquinEct ofhtms Rdpul" t0/hmains"-2ry horn. MoreermannonePlakhrwoomeedie hach>yock due-rchRregnancy-rela/ed/comRlic" t0ndhecs< growtr,"bhu health ofha n" titPis0 n t. Ecs< growtr,"pe/fbapita opvsme,"employome ,-loentsnofhlitouacyPa/"rss, "vailability ofhinfh1o" t0CN, road safe/a,-amop; rms fa"/ots rha a"ondtibutN dire"/ly rchbhu health ofhtms n" t0<.

s mala ie,ekalaazck, tuberculosis and HIVPinfec ton>/hmain rms majokncausesmof illnh.sTB, mala ie and AIDs willhcncrwnde ro onmain majoknRtions/health pcoblems. Ct?fiea casesmof TB thauaareeresponstble>

ImRrovnd diagnostic sereicesP> ND.-Abitl 2 mill20yock./gl>Restruc urmp; rgePmala ie work< isbitl 4 mill20aims at a"hime?p;"aPpl" eauhin bhu pchvalmeONeof HIVPinfec ton>by h207.

 Cmilohioa everrhoea, an0 n tc titeaby h210> ND.-Cmilohioa und t-nutri tit,Pbhu 0 n tityPof cncc tn,/caweirnts/>mop; erl-loentsnofhrgePgenh/"r popul" t0<,n NDsubsEuerwer pcogch.sologic"r rransi tit raktp; pl"ce"in rmu com?p; yocks, non-communicable distysNs-a NP>rsohlikelyero emerge asmmajoknRtions/health pcoblems. Mod tnis" tit/ofhlife stylestwill"further aggcav" srhealth pcoblems. Thu /"pidhRcolife/" t0< ofhtwo and foer/wheel mo orPvehnsles, d,vitystp; conges t0< on cm/a>roads >hornways haveP"rla"ondtibutNd"rchan urgee PneedPofhrgePhin .

y nouno, rmsreawillhbs a masstvePinvitysN ieoRdpul" t0re pcogcammmsPmuduameet rgePneedsge grouphwillhbs marNel2th/" sm>A>majoknfocus-rfmvi020  _Deve'sns5gne Coue achimenome snin rms fieldPrfmhealth havePbsen made possible byerms est"blishome Pofha huge/curer vas Pby h2,200 dispeesa ieseaillustr" sd>by rms fa"/hrha="rCce lmenthiseabiveP82epe/fbme . "_Dfue immunis" tit/agaibhu UMIhchCce lmenthofh3.4epe/fbme . R"pidhgrowtrtofhtme pciv" srhealth ca NPsystem, howeenr,/chConreshrms fh1oul" t0s a/bus?pess.

&nbt"ble bord t="1" cmllPadaing="0" cmllSpacmp;="0"ligtbodyligtrligtd wtdth="616" vArign="top"&nbs-arign="c"a"p b>Cri"e/iePfh1 a"moreeequit"ble aUniverser<-cch.sfin"noweraburd n.Fairedisdtibu t0Ensurtp;Prgatepcovidershhaveerheecomtetence,"empatrySpeow"r<-ttearw0< rchvulnh/"ble groups suchh>s woome, cmilortp,hrms dis"bled aby ain imRrovmp; bhu 0enrarr health ca NPsystem.iTheninsu/"ble Rdpul" t0by ?pnov" tve insuraaON produs s/>ge tchmuchhla ger/sec/20   NDThu life expe"/"pcy ofhtms _DevetabiveP65 yocksPiCce lmenthofh69 yocks.iMorEuli/a>/"rss

Cce lmenthofh22.5. a"form_i_Toc24458664e="Contac_Toc24458664e>h1> a"form_i_Toc23404820e="Contac_Toc23404820e>h1> a"form_i_Toc3975309e="Contac_Toc3975309e>h1> a"form_i_Toc522622246e="Contac_Toc522622246e>h1>

< growtr,"rismp; loentsnofhedus" tit">mop; rms youp;, ed"><020>Ct >ge groups,"bhu sexes, d,vsme groups,fcommunitiesn>Ct degrsesmof capacm/a>>   NDDurmp; rgePnextrSS yocks, tmu aged Rdpul" t0 ND.-Tme pdpul" t0Cce hasmarr-->y bsen made tchrms v2ry horn invddeaONeof malnutri tit amop; rmis grouphas caaONrP>itystwmsch rgePextenasd familyPsystemPrhmains"pchvalmet, d,vitystp; urbanis" tit/aby a big surge"in rmu sizu ofhrhePworkmp;"age laboer/ ondus t0ssisdaCce fh1 rms maduavulnh/"ble msmberss rms hornly su"ch.sfurhJapansse mod t.

rsohfh1oran0 n tdvaCc eof ssciety, unlessnspeow Cotpcovist0n imRESEue challenge ofhrmu com?p; yocks.iLitouacyP/"rss

ll"studme s at pcimyryPloent, 37epe/fbme ha hhorn tesecs NP>rsohhorn tP

th amop; 174ecountrwesnin rou wiof gend t equity.iItPisenchcoinvddeaONermsrefore thauacountrwesn/"nkmp; horn st onhrmisPiDdex a NP>mop; rms maduapcospe/ous in rgePworld. Gend t equityaa NPinseta/ablyeinEcolinked.igl>Redustp; rms dtspar ND.

 CmilortpPbemp; rgePsupchme >sse snofhrms country,Prms ‘Rirnts' basiomapRroach willhcncrwnde ro play aieohnsurtp;Prgei1 ‘survival', ‘pcotec ton'Pa< compulst0cmilo laboer"oCce and foknall.

NP25epe/fbme hlo>mop; rmis group,/espeow"rlye

tchlowe/fRaytp; hmployome PopRESEunities/and lo>difeicul fh1 rmssefcommunitiesnro/come outPof rhePvicious circls. La ge/numberPof Rrsohsuff t"r Pof s?milarPcncc tn.iRegardlessnofhrmu communityPh1 rms ong20<, bhu 0enrarr pcogch.sssscia ed-withh0enrarr low loentsnofhdment Home ,h>s rmsynare withhwtdeedtsparIpeve'snVi020rr par snofhrms countryhmarch fh1ward"toge n teoptchaPmoreesecure/> ND. ND

&nbh1D a"form_i_Toc26694211e="Contac_Toc26694211e>h1> a"form_i_Toc24458665e="Contac_Toc24458665e>h1> a"form_i_Toc23404821e="Contac_Toc23404821e>h1> a"form_i_Toc3975310e="Contac_Toc3975310e>h1> 4. "_Dfrastruc uredoPaccel t" smtgePdment Home Pof curerssh.s">itystcncrwndes ND.-Ase_Deve'snc?tiesncncrwnde ro swell,hbhu challenge ofhimRrovmp; bhu urbanCce lmenthofh95epe/fbme .

Fu ure dmmogcaphns/a< growtrtiselikelyero concentrats iiPunde60etch70 la ge/c  Tms dmmogcaphns/treby a ch>shahresul rfmlibnraris" tit.iDecentraris" tit/ofhmunicip"l go-2rnaCce hasmled>doPa subsEuerwer ondus t0llocaE20itysthaveP"rways bsen pchvalmet, be="rmsseedtsparby go-2rnome Pand vitdi P/"rmp;"agencies willhmakerit/idifeicul fh1 all"be="rms la gesteurbanCce mod du rchhorn o" esnofhgrowtrt>ndhro absorbn>hla ge/Rarthofhrhs increome er migr" t0itysta NPlikelyero attoac o v"stome nCce aPsEubls dmmogcaphns/growtr, while small">ccosseurbanCt sizmsPbyerhePyock 22SS,"unlessncncc t/nomin ND.


c tit. AmsE/" egy

COimsPmuduabs adop sd,hwithhgenuinNdmipisE/" tvu po>   

Ct COy,Ct?fiea as well">s o n trsohneed-rc"chalk 0u marNel2bh/"r powioies tcwardshedus" tit">hla ge/Rarthofhitmwill"cy"e/fto rgePafflumet, rmrourneimag?p" tvu pl"nnmp; rgePnewtcentresrsohby/offhla ge/workdifeicul fh1 rms pciv" srsec oraro br?p;"abitl ch>dmipisE/" tvu ch>doPaccel t" small-iPundedment Home Pof small7/eurbanndhro res >n effe"/tvNafacmlCOimsPofhmarket mech> NP>rsohneedea fh1 stremp;snofhedus" tit,hhealth ca N, rranspart, tnlmcom,hpo>>ssurnd supplamof safe drinktp; waEco rch"rlacurer  Tms curerrc"moreermann5 lakhrvillagss. Howeenr,/80,200 villagssaareeyet rc"be get"electricm/a>conneo 20itystwmsch electrifica titPrmrournetms cncven titer electricm/a>gridentyPnot be ftystble. Tcha"himeee100% cureron non-cocven titer sin cesnifhet2rgy,aespeow"rlye

sE/" egy isPonConred. Tms fu ure dment Home Pof urban<020itys. NDThu pa urerPgrowtrtofhurban<>itystwillhmakerrmi: rrend equit"ble deent Home Pparadigo.I Pas PeffESEs-rchdeent Hms" ell2thtrcwdvaCtag s"ov t"bhui/eurbandach.s rgePcrucwerPissumsPofhinfrastruc ureP>"p b>Comta/a tve >dvaCtag s

&nbs-arign="c"a"p b>h1iD

&nbulligli>Ø Dsmestic sereices: piHed-waEco, electricm/a, tnlmcommunica titsP>Ø PcimyryPh1 loc"lized sereices: shops,fdispeesa ies, aØ SecsØ TertmyryPsereices: airpor s, wholesale makkets,hchdem>h1iD lilig/ullignD< b>h1iD

&nbulligli>Ø Livtp; space isemuortcheaph1uD Ø ThePenviropome isemuorthealthi t.h1uD Ø Commu/tp; bie"sebetwsen work >nd well"spread 0u dment Home Pof urbanlop; rms peripmscy ofhtms r?p;"road. Tmisrar/"ngeome Pwould vas lyeonduss ms lerPundetms r?p;"rc"be a"ch.sible tch"rlamsmbersdeent Hm>rPundetms r?p;"at far lo>itystrma hismbPundeto occurmin rmu nearPfu ure.

th /"nk in rgePworldhin 1995 tch7th in h201.

Ct market segmme s.hSieONmrms earlye1990s,hitehasmintrodusedrRciv" srcomReti tit idaed sereices,narms fixedtlinNllmof supplam>rsohachimendns5gne Coue CoalityPupgradat20ge lmenthofhabitl 25epe/fbme hachimendnbyhlow-d,vsme "ountrwes, 42epe/fbme hby middle-d,vsme "ountrwes, a< binefi snifheth"nosd telmcom asch.sibility, while aterhePsame rie""pcomo ?p;"aPbet"e/fentrep NnhutierPcul ure, genh/" mp; adai titer<020/hmains"apRatlmp;lyhlow,"astshEw/hmains"a daun/tp; bask.iI< okde/fto attain rmu currme "petwork sizu ofhUMIhcountrwesnby h220, Ipeve will"haveerchinvitysN bhu pumberPof relmphonePlines/seven-foldPin 18 yocks.

&nbt"ble bord t="1" arign="left" cmllPadaing="0" cmllSpacmp;="0"ligtbodyligtrligtd wtdth="305" vArign="top"&nbs-arign="c"a"p b>Country"p b>h201"p 66.45< alig/tdlig/trligtrligtd wtdth="305" vArign="top"&nbs < Gou aey< alig/tdligtd wtdth="290" vArign="top"&nbs-arign="c"a"p 63.48< alig/tdlig/trligtrligtd wtdth="305" vArign="top"&nbs < Japan< alig/tdligtd wtdth="290" vArign="top"&nbs-arign="c"a"p 59.69< alig/tdlig/trligtrligtd wtdth="305" vArign="top"&nbs < UK< alig/tdligtd wtdth="290" vArign="top"&nbs-arign="c"a"p 57.78< alig/tdlig/trligtrligtd wtdth="305" vArign="top"&nbs < FraaON< alig/tdligtd wtdth="290" vArign="top"&nbs-arign="c"a"p 57.35< alig/tdlig/trligtrligtd wtdth="305" vArign="top"&nbs < Korea, Rep.< alig/tdligtd wtdth="290" vArign="top"&nbs-arign="c"a"p 47.60< alig/tdlig/trligtrligtd wtdth="305" vArign="top"&nbs < Russta< alig/tdligtd wtdth="290" vArign="top"&nbs-arign="c"a"p 24.33< alig/tdlig/trligtrligtd wtdth="305" vArign="top"&nbs < Turkey< alig/tdligtd wtdth="290" vArign="top"&nbs-arign="c"a"p 28.52< alig/tdlig/trligtrligtd wtdth="305" vArign="top"&nbs < Brazil< alig/tdligtd wtdth="290" vArign="top"&nbs-arign="c"a"p 21.69< alig/tdlig/trligtrligtd wtdth="305" vArign="top"&nbs < Chin"< alig/tdligtd wtdth="290" vArign="top"&nbs-arign="c"a"p 13.81< alig/tdlig/trligtrligtd wtdth="305" vArign="top"&nbs < Ipeve< alig/tdligtd wtdth="290" vArign="top"&nbs-arign="c"a"p 3.38< alig/tdlig/trlig/tbodylig/t"blelignp Sin ce: ManastBhattach>rya : " Telmcom Sec oraie Ipeve :PVi020   N/fblock="atl" />p alignp Ta getea inEcovearw0< rmrournea"ch.sllmofficesP(PCOs) handlmp; bothhdsmestic and lop; disdaCce sereicesPhasmresul nomin aitystwmich accoun="

<020< et2rgiesn><020s well,Pspurrmp; aemobile revolu t0By h220, Third"Genh/" m0of wtder sec/20  Tms lastrdmcadem>rsohwitnh.sedtatphenoomeerPgrowtrtieotms usm"ofh_DEconet. Pciv" sr_DEconet soreice/pcovidershhaveebsen "rlowed-rc"set up inEcon" titer iDEconet ga eways, >s well">s bothhs" ell2thtand landtp; sEuE20rsoh0penmp;Pup./gl>Ipeve mudua.dtiveerchcompl ts rms rransi tit i  Dedpitehdifes">CcesP>ccosse"ountrwes, rms glob"l rreCce sugges wPrgatermis tcoch.sCti" tit/aCt deent Hersmop; big fiu wPoffdaed sereiceserchcap uretmarket share.-Tme ongul" oryPenviropome should rmsrefore <020<, consts me hwithermis tcoch.s   NDR"pidhflowtofhinfh1o" t0"cy"alys="

evolvtp; iccossedifes">Ct ssciar sE/" a. Amwhole /"ngeeof infh1o" t0<-basiomineu.dtiesn>itystofhma"e/ier soi>COes. ItehasmimRrovnd acch.srsoheth"nosd tms ability of rms poorPrc"manag "risksP><020itsshnger/kilometerssshnger/vehnslese30-fold.iTms tonnag "ofhfreirntehandlsd>by rms n" t0<'s ed">  Currme ly,habitl 800 bill20sshnger/kmsnare handlsd>by rms rranspartPsystem, with rgeProtalrrranspartPdem>rPunde10epe/fbme haPyock fh1 rms pastrdmcade. Tms moderPgrowtrto" esnhavePva isd,hwithhroad rranspartP> muortfaste/fr" s>rmaeotms railways.-Tme onl" tve shareeofhrailwayssshnger/rraf CothasmdeclinNd drao" ts"rlyeov t"bhu Rastrfivs dmcades,"sshnger. Meanwhile,"bhu shareeofhroad rranspartPhasminvitysNd sshnger/bus?pess.

&nb &nGrowmp; urbanis" tit/is >"pa urerPphenoome0llmi snimplica titsPhas bineficiar effe"/s oeoecs< growtr.i_Dvitystp; pdpul" t0denrseeeffe"/s of ait   NDTo/cncrain rmis explosi0rPunde12epe/fbme hin rmu 1980s aCOimsPitPi snrranspartPsystem, a la ger/RcopESE20sshnger/arPundeamcomtac centrarhcore withhineu.dtieris" tit/available ieomajh1 "itystofhMumbai, Kolkata, Chennai "ndhDelhi. Busn>urban<>urmorm/a, starting withhrms pcovist0Ct?fytp;Pcorridors

s II   NDIn rmu lop;Pcun, rail-basiomma.sitys.I Wmsch fl x2bility of laitys, und tgrPundeh1 flyov t"systemstwill"haveerchbePconstdersd.iOn medium dcnst/a>corridors, electric rrowleyhbuseseh1 CNG op t" edhbusesentyPbs bsdu suited.

 A key comRhnse Pof curer< well-bemp;. FamilimsPchstd?p;"alop; sid>lmadua>llmvillagssawith pdpul" t0rsohs5gne Coue ong20rlocaEed-resin cesntcha"himeeeall-we"rn teroad a"ch.sllmvillagssawith pdpul" t0[GJ5]h1>

< reforms rriggerea annunpcebmdme ea growtrtofhGDP. EffESEs-rcha"himeeeevenehornekrGDPPgrowtrto" esnin fu ure yocksacagrsy"e/fhffESEs-rchstremp; rchhorner/rranspartPcodus, asome ofhtms challengesPrgateneed-rc"be met durmp; rgePnextrtwo dmcades.hA hugeh?pvityse in dem>rsohmod?fic" t0CtPsereicesP

  NDBysNd 0abitl 5,500 bill20rsohris",Pwithha la ger/pcopESE20s et2rgy effCoi>COy,mod ,Pwill"r sul inh"h>CcesPfh1 alEcon" tvePmodesnofhtransRESE.

  NDP>sshnger/rraf Cotis expe"/nom rchinvitysN moreermannfoer-foldPov t"bhu nextrSS yocks. Fh1 lop; disdaCce rraent, rmu dem>s booktp;, ch.oreut20rehcncrwndouslyeeth"nosd to keep pace withhristp; cuduomer expe"/a tits.

 Fh1 medium distaCces uHnrch500 kms--withhfoer-lueePhornways conneo 2p; rms country,texpch.sways commp;Puphclosehto rgePmain metroe"sshnger/rraenthntyPstart moemp;"rcwardsh‘own"vehnslehrraent',tatphenoome0< >lready obsereea in madua"ountrwes. Fasteio"il sereicesPwill"haveP"nhndge/ov t"air/rraenthfh1 rmisPsegome Pofhtraf Co.

"p b>

&nbs-arign="c"a"p b>Fu ure Tre &nbs-arign="c"a"p b><

&nbul typs="disc"ligli>ImRrovnmme min rmu lmIpvityse in pcodus IIityP"ndhecs< effCoi>COynofhtransRESE. liligli>Horn tPBet"e/fcncrrol of aitIpvitysea mobilityP

ImRrovnd urbanCorrespandtp; imRrovnmme shin curerFewer/rranspartPcoRndussd rranspart rransi hrie"sPieogenh/"r >mp; >Bet"e/fen2rgy effCoi>COy. liligli>ImRrovnd safe/a withhfewer/accid>Cts.s well">s norther<, sitlher<, easte/nn>[GJ6]h1> Ru/"r roadsnwill"pcovidePa"ch.srehpowlu t0< Ct. An effCoi>CtPptions/rranspartPsystemPwillhl--> tcha ondus t0itys.

< sereices,nnon-Raytp; pcojeo s and substd?esPwtllhbs nech.saryhfh1 rmis. Ipeve will"need-airpor shofhinEcon" titer sdaCdardshfh1 R>sshnger/a  Inv"stome nonConremme shto meet rgesePneedsnd oph/" 20 &nbh1D a"form_i_Toc26694216e="Contac_Toc26694216e>h1> 5. a"form_i_Toc24458670e="Contac_Toc24458670e>h1> a"form_i_Toc23404826e="Contac_Toc23404826e>h1> a"form_i_Toc3975315e="Contac_Toc3975315e>h1> En2rgy a< growtrtrgePworldh0v t"is driennmby nt2rgy,awhe n teophrms fh1o/ofhfinitehonsin cesnsuchh>s coal, oir as hydroelectric,Pwirsohhasms5gne Coue imtac rphrms CoalityPofhtms country's air,-waEco, l>CtPaCOy,<>CtPgenh/" 20>lEcon" tvePscena ioawhich wePwillhcncstder asntms bsdu-casm"scena ioa(BCS) fh1 h220.

&nbs-arign="c"a"p a"form_i_Ref3079653e="Contac_Ref3079653e>h1> Figure 2: Projeo ea Po>uri >   

mdtiplmp; ofhrhePigenh/" 20CtPtchmeet rgePdem>rsohmeanna surge in emisst0< ifhetviropome "r powlu ae s.hEveneund tebhis >rEcon" tvePscena io, bhu condtibu t0 &nbs-arign="c"a"p a"form_i_Ref3079669e="Contac_Ref3079669e>h1> Figure 3: Fuel Mix fh1 Po>   

rEcon" tvePscena io, botalrcoal dem>rsohpl"ce anminvitysNd burd n rphrms physicar and ssciar etviropome s. Aneeth"nosd explor" t0dop t0Cdlyernchnslogies, marNeeffCoi>CtPusm"ofhnt2rgy,apcomo ?it"ofhpciv" srsec oraiev"stome , ana grsy"e/fhffESEs-rchpcote"/athePenviropome willhbs onConredttchcope/effe"/tvNla withhtms n" t0<'s growmp; en2rgy needs.


"p a"form_i_Ref3079684e="Contac_Ref3079684e>h1> a"form_i_Ref3079839e="Contac_Ref3079839e>h1> Table 7: Projeo ea Fuel Dem> &nbt"ble bord t="1" cmllPadaing="0" cmllSpacmp;="0"ligtbodyligtrligtd wtdth="139e=vArign="top"&nbs-arign="c"a"p b>"p b>Coar "p b>(mill20"p b>Oir "p b>(mill20"p b>Gast N/f/p (bill20"p 311< alig/tdligtd wtdth="144" vArign="top"&nbs-arign="c"a"p 83< alig/tdligtd wtdth="192" vArign="top"&nbs-arign="c"a"p 21.5< alig/tdlig/trligtrligtd wtdth="139e=vArign="top"  22SS BAU< alig/tdligtd wtdth="125" vArign="top"&nbs-arign="c"a"p 688< alig/tdligtd wtdth="144" vArign="top"&nbs-arign="c"a"p 245< alig/tdligtd wtdth="192" vArign="top"&nbs-arign="c"a"p 70.8< alig/tdlig/trligtrligtd wtdth="139e=vArign="top"  22SS BCS< alig/tdligtd wtdth="125" vArign="top"&nbs-arign="c"a"p 538< alig/tdligtd wtdth="144" vArign="top"&nbs-arign="c"a"p 195< alig/tdligtd wtdth="192" vArign="top"&nbs-arign="c"a"p 64.7< alig/tdlig/trlig/tbodylig/t"blelignp Sin ce: BysNd 0uri > &nignp Thu growtrtieodem>   

"p a"form_i_Ref3079710e="Contac_Ref3079710e>h1> a"form_i_Ref3088320e="Contac_Ref3088320e>h1> Figure 4: Projeo ea Dem>uri >   

rPunde20epe/fbme hofhrheProtalrdem>s well">s LNG tnoeinalsP>lop; _Deve'sncoas lines/aree>rready bemp; conr>mpl" ed.

&nbs-arign="c"a"p a"form_i_Ref3080281e="Contac_Ref3080281e>h1> Figure 5: Projeo ea Dem>uri >   

rEcon" tvePscena io

tchimRrovnd ai/fCoalityPin rmu cities.

<, ssciar >rready rgePworld's fifthrla gestepcoduserPof wiree>rsohspreadieg. Und tebhe BAU"scena ioabhu condtibu t0s bioma.s po>daed >dvaCtag Pof Rdtearwerlyhcre" tp;Pmill20s IIemparticip" 20rEcon" tvePscena io is >rsohto.sibleshaPpd>"p b>

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Ct caEego ies ofhuse.


"p a"form_i_Ref3080374e="Contac_Ref3080374e>h1> Figure 7: Projeo ea Wy"e/fCo   

ccoun=shfh1 4.8epe/fbme . Substd?sNd 0r CtPusm"ofhwy"e/ ie/agriculture, l-->mp; rchwy"e/-loggmp; aCOyPie Ipeve is estioaEed->t >rPunde35 tch40epe/fbme , which ismbslowtinEcon" titer sdaCdards.h NDGo-2rnome PpdwioiesPphed-rc"be rev?sNd tchpcovidePieONnttves/

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tchforestrdegrad" t0  Combattp; tms pch.suretonhforedus onConres aPcombi<" 20itystshould bs brournt und tejoie hforestrmanag ome P>ws,hremoemp;"restri" titsP0rsohmedangerip; _Deve'snrichhbiodiversity.iMaintainmp; viable popul" 20rsohholdhvas PRotearwerh

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bittesurRlus countrwes like Ipeve.

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shan anxmousP>t"empt rchimiEy"e >naimRESEue disdtps I0CtPemur" t0rlPwmp;Ptms spiri hofhrhis countryrrcheomrgen>t"empt rchrnduss SS yocks ofhfu ure pcogch.semantfesdoPifPpowioiesPorPsd/" egiesetmatPwill"en"blePrms countryrrchonerisehi sPfull"potearwerhdurmp; rgatnRerioa. Butra liduaof suchhpowioiesPorPsd/" egiesewill">rwyysPremai<-uns" 2sf"ctory unlh.s i hismmadehcnmprehenstve,P>nd supRESEmp; rgem,/rmureearePssme nod"l Rdie shofhac I0Ct?fyip; rmosN nod"l Rdie shwhich will"bs maduapo>"p Pnod"l Rdie shofhIpeven Pcosperity < < alig/tdlig/trligtrligtd-width="513" vArign="top"ligulligli> i>1.n i> i>Pe"ce, Se"urity & N" titer Uni/a i> i>- Physic"r se"urity bothhCOe,hdsmestic law enforceome > /lilig/ullig/tdlig/trligtrligtd-width="513" vArign="top"ligulligli> i>2.n i> i>FOOD & NUTRITIONAL SECURITY - A vibraCt, hornlyepcodus IvePcommerciar fa1oesec or thauacan"etsuretfooa & nudti titer se"urity, genh/" e/employome PopRESEunities,tstioula ePineu.dtializ" t0<,P"nd Rcoduse repew"blePen2rgy from bioma.s > /lilig/ullig/tdlig/trligtrligtd-width="513" vArign="top"ligulligli> i>3.n i> i>JOBS FOR ALL - A cncstituetiter commitome nro ensuretrgs r?rnt/of atlo"itizens rcha susrai<"blePlienlihooa tmatPwill"pcovidePrgemPwithhrms purchystp; po>< votesmin rmu markettplace.- i> /lilig/ullig/tdlig/trligtrligtd-width="513" vArign="top"ligulligli> i>4.n i> i>KNOWLEDGE - 100epe/fbme hl2"e/aca & sohoor edusa t0<, >rlhnew entranEs-ro rhePworkforce,trchnConp youthPwithhrms knowledge >n invitystp;lyecnmpnti tve world: adulthedusa t0 /lilig/ullig/tdlig/trligtrligtd-width="513" vArign="top"ligulligli> i>5.n i> i>HEALTH - Ed"><020rl.- i> /lilig/ullig/tdlig/trligtrligtd-width="513" vArign="top"ligulligli> i>6.n i> i>TECHNOLOGYh& INFRASTRUCTURE - Cocrwndous/ed"><020< growtrt>cch.snd invityse in rms speNd, effCoi>Ccy >COehofhac Ivm/iesein allhfieldsnofhlife. i> /lilig/ullig/tdlig/trligtrligtd-width="513" vArign="top"ligulligli> i>7.n i> i>GLOBALISATION - Succh.sfulPintegraE?it"ofh_DevePwithhworldhecs /lilig/ullig/tdlig/trligtrligtd-width="513" vArign="top"ligulligli> i>8.n i> i>GOOD GOVERNANCE - Fcks?rntNd/>ership to maximtsN n" titer pcosperity, ineividu"r < dment Home .iTmisronConres pcompt debisI0<-makmp; > /lilig/ulligp < i> i>< < alig/tdlig/trlig/tbodylig/taio"  

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&nbh1D a"form_i_Toc26694232e="Contac_Toc26694232e>h1> Annexurns h1Digh2D a"form_i_Toc26694233e="Contac_Toc26694233e>h1> Annexurn I: R"bmndran" h Tagore's Vis20< h2Dignp Tmu vi020rticula edPby R"bmndran" h Tagore iseall"encompa.stp;Pin everyesmese. hItehas laid dsw< wgatehs con.idb>Nd/rc"be thePbas>< cncstituents/rfmrms "heavenhcf Ct?fyPeirnt components/rfmrmis vi020t"empt rchtransla ePindoPiph/" 20Wmsch rmsto2paeismwithitl fear i> /b> - i>P<"ce ana se"urity, inEcon"l >s well">s exEcon"l,tis/rmehfi1steandamaduae.searwer nd ecs< well"bstp;, rchhlim?p" e allhformstofhvulnh/"bmlWmsch rmsthead isrheld horn i> /b> - i>Self-respeo hana self-estsemPach rmstpsychslogic"r rehtms meansPrgrournewhich rmsPn" tit builds iEsestrespir" t0rl,P>rehtms e.searwer byses/for fostertp; self-respeo hana self-estsem.

Wmsch knowledge isP /b> - i>Devnt Home PtakssPplace wheware ofhopRESEunities/fh1 >dvaCc"ome e>ccomplishome s. Knowledge in tms formPof edusa t0<, technslogy >nd >cch.slysE s Wmsch rmstworldrhashnht"bsen broken uphirls i> /b> - i>Tms spiri hofhglob"lis" 20< which ismoapidla ch.hapmp;Ptms worldhtoday cannot bs bit"e/fed"ressed.iTms a"chlh/" edhflowt> worldhhnly whellhrms centrifuger COes.

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&nbh2D a"form_i_Toc26694234e="Contac_Toc26694234e>h1> Annexurn II: h2Dign-arign="c"a"p No. M-110022/1/2200- PP

"p Gov tnome PofmIpeve

"p Plannmp; Commisstit


s Chai1oa< u>

Member u>

1. Dr R K Pavh>uri, Dirmctor, Tat> En2rgy ResearchhIcstituee, New Delhi. /lilig/ulligor sdart="2e="ype="1"ligli>Dr. R. R"dhakrishna, Vice Ch"nosllPr, Andhra University, Vi0hakhapatfor.Dr. Panjab Smp;h, Dirmctor, Ipeven Agriculture ResearchhIcstituee, New Delhi. /liligli>Pcof.hAshishPBosN, Fh1oer Pcofessor, Ipstituee ofhEcs< Growtr, Delhi. /liligli>Pcof.hPraIiphVi0arve, Dirmctor, Ipstituee ofhEcs< Growtr, Delhi. /liligli>Shri K L-Tmapar, Dirmctor, Asian Ipstituee ofhTranspart Devnt Home , New Delhi. /liligli>Dr. PadymhSmp;h, Adai t0Pcof.hC P Ramaswamy, CentrePfh1 Pdwioy Research, New Delhi. /liligli>Shri K ChSmvarao"krishnan, CentrePfh1 Pdwioy Research, New Delhi. /liligli>Dr. V A Pai Pan>Shri. JasjiteSmp;h, Dirmctor, Ipeven Ipstituee ofhDef>COe Stud?es/>lysts, New Delhi. /liligli>Pcof.hV R Panchmukhi, Dirmctor-Genh/"l, Researchh>Pcof.hPhV, CentrePfh1 Pdwioy Research, New Delhi. /liligli>Dr. J S Rajput, Dirmctor, NCERT, New Delhi. /liligli>Dr. Prema Ramavh>Dr. Pr0Dr. Shoeun Ray, Co2.iTms Commit"eeewill"be sereiced by rms Perspec tvePPlannmp; Divi020s Se"retara rchtms Commit"ee.3.iTms Commit"eeemayhco-opt o n te xperEse>s a4. Non-ofeicwers shallhbs en"ContdttchTA/DAe>s Rermms.ible tchGrade IPofeiceks ofhGov tnome PofmIpeve/> u>Membershco-opted subsequen la u> b>

Dr. AmmteS Ray, CoMr. Garra Jacobs, Tms Mo n t's Sereice Society, Plot No. 4,hVenkat> Nagar, Pondicn try -h605011 /liligli>Dr. K, Popul" t0< Fhueda tit ofmIpeve, B 28, Qu ub Ipstitt0Shri R, B-4,hHiranya Apartome s, (ofehGrsenwayeRoad), MylaparN, Chennai -h600028 /liligli>Shri G N K" hpariy,"E- 190hGrsy"e/fKailasr, Delhi 110048 /liligli>Shri P Ch" urvedi, Chai1oa<, Tms Ipstt. OfhEngtpeertp;, Engtpeer Bhava<, Bahadur Shah Zafar Marg, New Delhi 110001 /liligli>Pcof.hAmiEybh Kuedu, CSRD,iSchoor ofmSsciar Scienoss, JNU, New Delhi. /liligli>Dr. Krishun Sondhi, 7, Amrita Shmrgtll"Marg, New Delhi 110003 /liligli>Pcof.hRamaswamy R Iyer, CentrePfh1 Pdwioy Research, Dhyrma"Marg, Ch"nakya Puri, New Delhi - 110021 /liligli>Shri Anwar ul- Hoda, ICRIER, Ipeve H"bmtat Centre, LodhieRoad, New Delhi. /liligli>Dr. Nag sh Kumar, RIS, ZhnshIV B 4tn sup> Floor, Ipeve H"bmtat Centre, LodhieRoad, New Delhi 110003 /liligli>Dr. SaralahGopara<, 138 Va.ant Enclavee New Delhi 110057 /liligli>Dr. HiraeSmp;h, 183, Munirka Enclave, New Delhi 110067 /liligli>Shri M ChVerma, Advi0 t, MipisE/y/rfmLabitt, 1st sup> Floor, ShrymhShakti Bhava<, New Delhi 110001 /liligli>Shri M ChGupta, Dirmctor, Ipeven Ipstt. rfmPtions/AdmipisE/" t0<, Iperaprasthy,"EsEy"e, Rmp; Road, New Delhi 110022 /liligli>Shri HeS Saksena, Editor, Eastern Anrgropslogis , Lucknow. /liligli>Dr"Man>s Bhattavh>rya, Dy"Dirmctor Genh/"l, Dept. rfmTelecommunic" t0Shri Mah sh Kapoor, New Delhi. /liligli>Shri H Ramavh>Majh1 Gen.hSeS Sandhu, New Delhi /liligli>Shri Durgan>< Transfh1oa tit. /lilig/olligali 

u>Tms TermstofhRees">COehrfmrmis Commit"eeeare: u> b>


To tchparet>nhcutlook"fh1 Ipeve in 22SS,Pespeoierlyhfocustp; ophrms opRESEunities/>Tchetvisirphrms Rdsstbmlspeo s ofhhumanTchseekhinputs/from members ofhrhePCommit"eee>Tchcomehcutrwithha docuome Pon "_Deve:hVi020 u>LIST OF CONTRIBUTORS u> b>

Dr"Man>s Bhattavh>rya:mTelecom /liligli>Mr. P Ch" urvedi: En2rgy /liligli>Dr. SaralahGopara<: Empo>Mr M ChGupta:nGov tnaCcen(Rtionshed) /liligli>Mr. Anwar-ul-Hoda:o_Dteon" titer EcsDr. PhV RurerPcof.hRamaswamy R. Iyer: Wy"e/fn(Rtionshed) /liligli>Mr. G. Jacobs: Knowledge Society /liligli>Pcof.hAmiEybh Kuedu: Urbenis" t0< /liligli>Mr. G N K" hpariy: Wy"e/ /liligli>Mr. Mah sh Kapoor:hTranspart /liligli>Dr. Nag sh Kumar: EdEcon"l"Smctor /liligli>R K Pavh>uri: En2rgy, Etviropome m /liligli>Dr. J S Rajput: Edusa t0< /liligli>Dr. H Ramavh>Dr. R. R"dhakrishna:nn Fhod Se"urity, Nudti titP>Mr HeS Saksena:hVulnh/"blePGrPups /liligli>Maj- Gen.hSeS Sandhu: Oldb> Persits/ /liligli>Dr. S K Sarkar: En2rgy /liligli>Dr RohmteSarkar: FinaCciar Smctor /liligli>Dr. HiraeSmp;h:nSsciar Def>COe /liligli>Air Comdr. JasjiteSmp;h: Pe"ce /liligli>Dr. PadymhSmp;h: F ttmlDr. Panjab Smp;h: Agriculture /liligli>Dr. K. Popul" t0< /liligli>Mr. R Health /liligli>Dr. Krishun Sondhi: Ipfh1oa titeTochnslogy /liligli>Swami Agnivesh: ChildhLabitt /liligli>Mr. M ChVerma:nSsciar Dwomestit /lilig/olligali 

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