Human Capital and Sustainability

By Ivo Šlaus* and Garry Jacobs *

Published in Sustainability Journal, Volume 3 Issue 1, 7 January 2011


Abstract:

A study of sustainability needs to consider the role of all forms of capital—natural, biological, social, technological, financial, cultural—and the complex ways in which they interact. All forms of capital derive their value, utility and application from human mental awareness, creativity and social innovation. This makes human capital, including social capital, the central determinant of resource productivity and sustainability. Humanity has entered the Anthropocene Epoch in which human changes have become the predominant factor in evolution. Humanity is itself evolving from animal physicality to social vitality to mental individuality. This transition has profound bearing on human productive capabilities, adaptability, creativity and values, the organization of economy, public policy, social awareness and life styles that determine sustainability. This article examines the linkages between population, economic development, employment, education, health, social equity, cultural values, energy intensity and sustainability in the context of evolving human consciousness. It concludes that development of human capital is the critical determinant of long-term sustainability and that efforts to accelerate the evolution of human consciousness and emergence of mentally self-conscious individuals will be the most effective approach for ensuring a sustainable future. Education is the primary lever. Human choice matters.

Keywords:

Human capital; social capital; education; employment; evolution; inequality; individuality; knowledge; population.

1. Introduction

The subject of sustainable development encompasses a broad spectrum of economic, ecological, political, technological and social issues, including energy, water, mineral resources, climate, urban congestion, population, pollution, industrialization, technological development, public policy, health, education, and employment. A compartmentalized piecemeal approach to the subject, such as one focusing on technological solutions or public policy issues, may shed light on specific aspects, but the complex interactions between various dimensions preclude such an exclusive concentration. Problems are compounded when any of these subsystems and elements is regarded as if it were separate and independent from the choices and actions of human beings.

When the time dimension is also considered, the challenge becomes even more complex, because over decades many of the underlying assumptions on which our view of social phenomenon is predicated may be radically altered by new and unforeseen evolutionary trends, high-impact and hard-to-predict black swans. The population explosion of the 1950s, the demographic transition that followed, Green Revolution in the late 1960s, the sudden end of the Cold War in 1989, the meteoric rise of the Internet after 1995, the rapid emergence of China and India into global prominence since 2000, and the recent global financial crisis (the first of this magnitude in seven decades) were unforeseen even a few years before they occurred. Entering the 21st century, the speed of change has only accelerated. Therefore, this study is founded upon an evolutionary perspective of social development.

Human capital consists of many dimensions, which have been examined in-depth by other researchers. The objective of this article is to consider the role of human capital, not merely as one essential component but as the primary determinant of the process of social, economic and ecological development, and to explore important relationships between its various dimensions that are critical to sustainability.

2. Wider Conception of Capital

In recent decades, humanity has recorded remarkable achievements, while placing increasing demands on our environment. The challenge now facing humanity is to find ways to harness all available forms of capital in a manner that promotes human welfare, well-being and sustainable development for all. Until recently the notion of capital was largely confined to financial assets utilizable for commercial and industrial investment. But a broader conception of capital can be traced back to Adam Smith, who defined four types of fixed capital—land, buildings, machinery and human abilities 1. In this paper, the term ‘capital’ is used even more broadly to include all forms of assets and capabilities—natural, biological, financial and human—that can be harnessed for human development. Natural capital consists of minerals, energy sources and other environmental resources that exist independently of human beings. Biological capital consists of all species of plants and animals that serve as the basis for other life, as well as their by-products and waste-products, such as coral reefs and the organic content of soil. Human capital includes a wide range of human capabilities: productive resources such as skills and tools; social or organizational resources for governance, commerce, production, and education; mental-intellectual resources such as ideas, knowledge, science, technology, and information; cultural and psychological resources including values, customs, ways of life, character formation, personality development and individuality 2.

The different forms of capital are interrelated and interdependent. All forms of life depend on natural capital for their survival. But the reverse is also true. Natural capital is enhanced or destroyed by the impact of biological life forms, e.g., photosynthesis of atmospheric CO2 into O2, which are in turn dependent on human activity and vice versa. Financial capital is itself a product of human relationships based on exchange and trust and has no independent existence of its own. Money can be utilized to make any other resource more useful or productive. It can be used to educate people, develop and apply technology to natural or social processes, etc. This implies that the sustainability of human capital is interwoven with Wider Conception ofceteractiotainabk7f humanMongoon, tgencdef hr placivpes nable development l cand that efl and i. Ois inan beingdoms of lnomicl species eveucate pecial issuesapittioois inan being consciouo copral orand of min Humcal—l terbaseera is prdependf="#2">2.

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s alng>ntggeel2deWorldeP-impact aneterPmerChis i GDPl(PPP)t1Chi ADl te Ch1. Da i fardon, p.ment ao s alng> on, personality17mac7elopment and p>="UTFeption o>
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nseE develo Growthh2 align="left">2. Wider Re" valuebnocial awarenesspiecemes all. Unteth. Nacarryticacitmcalcllitsustants, whiletuctil poll.nclrousiferal capic CO2 into O2ntethii hto napalmerorguosal detinabs.ving humanductctnability ansciousnes imp rusr enntallships betoflicy, aes,(ctie omotes human wavTsupainability and that penden lopaem decr nl ind aeatferal sebnocial awarenessplys to exelcllitways. Ianen 21st ces tranhcenent buton, populationhuman ments>wustatsupuitmcalclopritogfaevcnsists of mindamaeade thsBursml coainabilitylopaelesoamlogiita-rognd in-selth, a,bhus it-al is y, crea., hroughm>oued ded remaemphcies ethhd beralsuss:is tc approac,aesefothersitranec riasc e of s alsih idey ,nss ierlyes, forts tp-impact ancaumabjectiuoe cse ettwiluctirogposdn eveme">When the timft">Abstract:

2> rtteerrarde mcvxplorly ado hhn, populatio,. rce, frar whmanhef onaeir vallieprsi tesust whnd ineal ien morerryticacitmcalcllitsustBioletumasust wranda tesusttlubn ReRomu Lieprsi teGrowthifin1972, Meadowsleevaidec tcal virmsc u detinabeh bh’s uirryticacitmcalclam oesswdialctllieprsi tee omogrowth., hig wranda terwsticane imensbehropolopgrogio eUntgess aips basedcnlmlogiita , and inf.rPmeur l wilen naiew of nay be radicallyion explylopfidetreacica>Thnt. post-n activaallfo heta,HPflic Dauekefio sts hd,a“Evpes fon vendrent in sefinWether hn eorynalu te weres>olscespbotionding vait pWustan n fon ahandi of Capitao hetb v crontensIand 2The diffeoifinancialirctru pa>2231elopment and individuality 32hinery and h ofuich ls wiyand oued ded remad e ors suor hrefTcational ticaopment, puwelaciats itiy, creautiwAockoulilof p77%or hGDPlionl pU.S., 73%lionl pEU>tica63.4% gglobalc pd individuality rdn eve omohranec riasc e ofnt. post-inancial a sts itiy, creau.ssic tranhcenent butial prem trancqufparasl, fl nnn ev whnd inevarbecause ,l iditwilunt ofreexae eeteciec postmpacastreg>rdn eve omntd individuality> s alng>ntggeel3. D.cded e ic Eion, Ielth, soc1830– Chi. Ra incluld sustahicy,ssiitygardeon, personality33">33elopment and s alng> d p>="UTFeption o> o-floateBSITES< teBropiteiv dollar’s worthiudigooe aductsus it iionl pU.S.aductU.K.cdeclvnp>< teBropiteiv dollar's worthiudigooe aductsus it ideclvnp>taleajf pseeporsegapmrapesrelfoinenanreesissibntsntestumanlon, personality35">35elopment anher Conception o> s alng>ntggeel4.tFissilhFueauEion, Ielth, socrgelSelrlf>ThCoulir—l1970– Ch8. Da i fardlon, personality36">36elopment and s alng>d p>="UTFeption o> o-floateBSITESAbstract lation, hn prleiniw thdciad.s>Thmireg tdimi devfh anfof tlesnteis tcinevelo into O2y. Otssues, fs das sunv ec lin tnesources,tghumaerepubcus awar nent duct emmit, pu,>rcereastan pubcus es cya andrcereastan rledgeelereeaplaethe roleefT000 ofreoaomoaevfh fardlmofuich ls wiylopsus it iid s alsappa>2ouc cgi inh aeaten cinevelo l and humanuserelalhumspitalasbecmer—namu s-scalefinancial arces sueislulnenenttiyoerogag e te960s,o=eis ats itiy, creausou.galu the spergy srocluld oion, health, so s an etmtallprimary f socidve reven ments>woulnorevaenc tlanferal cana remaeion, hvarbecause fheh. Nas.ving remaworldurhretify">In reclopgrogigy il ulir—l and edu afteaic = and htygihighlyvisphrcetc>teThITeductfi on humahueporsesugg wasal mhpontpsious ergy sec ritican ments>mayapi humarceleapfarcagardeagr exalyloppost-inancial a primary , ovoittwiluteleaallfomma cothebelfo a a mion, hrkablet butsecncial arces sude higemphcies y hap>tion explogarded ashion. Hunlo lf evhng from anstogduarelaaapinefecita feral canaoion, health, so uctiois inmeogiita , and inevarbecause ,lpcapitticam alsulturnsustalesoamlogiitaheaputedlEals that atghumaereawar nent duct itmcalcl, fivarsts aptabion, personality37">37hinery and htoentral determinair haostansciousnes impof fsertre of ants, whiletnenentpty">slacmeteo, iew of ne a pegy il fforts to aavTss ,atsupainability and that penden muthtbeu akonsffeoiockouli an nce lhum->rdn evcnsists of min>Abstract:2. Wider T000, fl anar hd that penden iecemes onpd aslops transianne human eore broadly tar hhem>. l resog., pho other reologiedveoioct dechhd berae dimgalse omolsuss:is them>. welfa tl s pwell-l resumasust mcvailremae develolsProbllen earkee primary , opment, pudinscene EescipHusmcang entzaptabical free oydeettpehtranhothtyears bnmuthtinelf eblyal, geldn evemwar fa stciretimbal soc beent, ant. n prlriticalkableer hwork,brogeshticainfhd berae dihd beralsuss:is tun pment, pudgglobalc plaehuntfor gal sets thalo op remoor7i#2">2HOMnmpment, puw er Conception o> s alng>ntggeel5.eGrowthir hGglobalP-impact aneterEpment, pu 1950l te Ch7. Da i fardlo s alng>dn, personality38">38elopment aon, personality-41">-41elopment and p>="UTFeption o> o-floateBSITES

38elopment a.hGglobaljobe humanervrelapital aktwill ac eateign=r frapesr. Al. Nahothtsixi of Cap.Hntggeel5haip ocbigrowthifingglobale-impact aneterempent, pudso ree1950e Beent, a1950lduct Ch7,ngglobale-impact anra ded hdpdim164% fardl2.53ibiint aeao 6.67ibiint a,tocaleela tden gglobalypment, pudrosaa175% s alng>ntggeel6.hGglobalEpment, pu eterEpment, pu-P-impact anGrowthi1996– Ch7. Da i fardlon, personality43">43elopment and s alng>d p>="UTFeption o> o-floateBSITESIn receinkssiityr hempent, pudypranduourit iso ree1950u.ssind . in Eu e hdt, notbeginn a mlitsust19stasears bdeTn rec1haip ocbiac and ecod s alng>Tn rec1deTtionding vaitor hS the, w edeWorknd s alng>d p>="UTFeption o> o-floateBSITESdeanlepineiouseinkssiity. Huorkdypranduourit iikp fmmrn teabsorbonon pfs dnrsi tesustuorkd idin. At.swansehut umatuorkdrelamigt centalhumssustahiul oF,ardlrnterd teug enlereasef s aheiemploymenpcapital, therelaiisak,eardwclvnn evBfturn aeaten nt. poimpact an naengmgo an ngrirledgeeleshsentirelyonon iielnsyr hempent, pud/n capienegapmrape fiphedanciayaductsus it ivarious dianynetourit hto nawaspmnmmhpontps ladiml comeecer zaparantiangrirledgee. Meecer zaparansBurpocal p afncial asRcinabilit, aorautoeas, kpanne opunclrcas, kpar eclwiaraondingremamlfuich ls wiyductmece e traced sus it e Ovrs. res yftionite diogpeeierlyeafaere1990,0 orldc oydeerelagrtru epineiouly,tfomatalaptwiln etmtvu an cojobobrcelaf">hwaeatroulir—efIeto cb eaptabithesetich hufo/n caiew of lriaraondingocal pnesnteis tl, creauuctimpment, puweer Conception ofceteractlumjobe humanervin Eu e hdctiNorthiAmer ofoaevfh2>annesoaaelesoarl, ttioncionsff = and htygiroulir—efOvrs. ranhothtg ifeyears bt follohar end opment, pudintngrirledgeelworldnic cp aldeclvnp>44elopment aon, personality45">45elopment anhMeanwmanitopment, pudintnt. inancial ashueporsLinks"edvand ohar end opment, pudgarde15%lion1950l te20%ifin1990,e wmpltygi23%nhue Ch8welaciats itihuepor, ih , ftroth,erelagrtru steldnUntan fhar end jobobso ree1950,hlusivantockouliennof p18%or hntden pment, pudgglobalc,igrowrema te31%ifin1990 eterrompltygi43%nhue Ch8 [45]umasustUS,topment, pudintnt. ats itihueporlron egarde53%or hntden jobobion1956l te70%ifin1977 eter81%nhue Ch9,tockouli factf psistuimlyaaplaU.S.ajobegrowthiso ree1972deSus it itiwAo cad as,n. Moniap77%or haplajobobionl pU.K.aductFraec l 71%ngf puplaOECDeroulir—, 69%nhueEU-27, 69%nhueJitmnaductK dea, 33%lionCtana, duct31%ifin aftedeSus it iapitaockoulilof p77%or hGDPlionU.S., 73%lionEU,e70%ifinOECDeroulir—ltica68% gglobalc er Conception o> s alng>ntggeel7deWorldnic cEpment, pu dimSuepor:e1950– Ch8. Da i fardlo s alng>dn, personality46">46elopment anher ConUTFeption o> o-floateBSITESoaevfh fardled bercikilllmofuich ls wiyloptheuikilladdethe-waeatats itijobontlinacilirgn="ledimsustUS BgeeauiudiLabgelSlaptcetcvepcajeepsvl detdls wilen apftionh Ch8– C18, 65%or hnon jobob humaedbionl pfothestigrowrema werpes such e ugoreiniw thdcil osaarequisticamedium chald bflsuss:is thkillluctim approachduct57%or haplanon jobobw thdciof puorkees>wustatsosaaqucIn receinkssiityr hempent, pudypranduourit iimaception of Capit212humint aihiul oFgglobalcithe fclantpiiealat un pmenteThdiml coIe Coles such LabgelOesources sul(ILO)nhue C10 on, personality45">45elopment anhReimpuoopment, pudrapesrintoece roulir—ltre>pns ooruteleaalltwireedictoffecita ftggees,iso reeuoopment, pudda i intoece roulir—ldedcle ooruoeentprrecepdgdoon,cle tisteefeoiockouli tsosaawof /n cagiveniuptseekremawork htoesetnulasslaapitafinga tesisteefeoiockouli lntenulidrynuoe copment, pu.g., phot selfsruteleaallnneibiint aeuorkees>gglobalc d individuality . l reso.rPitpecriind 2 s alng>ntggeel8.rPitpecriLsuss:isvrs. uma.iLsfetlinel showslpotpecrilsuss:is tsustworld’s poimpact a, duct, soltlinel showslpotpecrilsuss:iexl‘ wilCtana. Da i fardlo s alng> on, personality47">47elopment anher ConUTFeption o> o-floateBSITES48elopment a.hEionsff primary f socidve reven ments,ihugelnulasslar h ul o—ogpeeierlyeyoubh—a tlum humarcefiterromun iades aopment, punhR etall0Wray esdtmermsvl dettaehuntfor lsussaft"uoopment, puductiuoe copment, pudionl pU.S.anslupd exincluly 17.5%or hsustuorkd idin, na iogilin evism e25humint aihiul oFon, personality49">49hinery and hSomiiyrorohdiuse ovp isist in ntallOECDeroulir—efEgpeeierlye alubcuwilisent. hd bayoubhpuoopment, pudrape,Humanititeerogilily 13% gglobalcyductmand ed bercintoece roulir—l e.g., ormenta35%lionPosh, whCroadea lovakia, 30%ifinItalcyductGs, in, 20– 5%wil .as ded hiby 440humint aidls wilen apftionh C10– C20efOn tr naas ded h, 30%iwil . wereifin afte,twofsstuork wiydgele-impact anisofcete eaktwi.y afteaneenfosoathumaeea>HOMn135humint ainon pmpent, pudypranduourit iimaof to cticaolf Caofcete teabsorbonon pfs dnrsi tesustuorkd idin. TteBut tr nanulassliity ispeepav ,3elopment anhWmanitoffecita opment, puductiuoopment, pudgtggeesifin afteae dimgst = and htygiroulir—la tlumeentprre,l virmsc usugg wasal detof t aftentl, creaudienfinich egapmrapeisu#2loil tojobobrcepmcvilim>oawellresar huoopment, puddls wilennapftiondeSo reedica, afte’s einevelo growthcrapeirelaiisakpsignp>y flily "hdh fopcajeepeThignbecIn thed bercintof to cticaolf Canher Conception o> s alng>ntggeel9.tWork wiydgele-impact anionG20 roulir—l ifl‘ wiy afteaductCtana ifery Ja mid- C10efDa i fardlo s alng> on, personality50">50elopment anher Concpery JamensioUTFeption o> o-floateBSITESHveaapitashowsll detsustuork wiydgele-impact anwill0leussaftfhoridwclvnp in aanulasslr hG20 roulir—l wflect,wilu ly adals alabie comly "pralii an esporoulir—lrelaf the egarde4.1 in armenta1900l te2.4efin1950neter th te1.6nhue C10 on, personality27">27elopment aon, p,ersonality51">51elopment anher Conception ofceteracttoesetly adonwill0the Aepineioustural canal peffectes topment, punhUoe c Eu ed at’s ntdmrapeis> < exp,nl pEU’s labgel idinn nae eelf>Tylopshrt.csdimi>HOMn0.2%sas in beent, a Childuct C30 on, personality52">52hinery and hByt C30 alu tew thdci110humint aihiul oFttpehtranaeaten 65lionl pEU-25,iuptgarde71humint aihue Ch0 hto nareansll detcenenldcdgaeaips bascynrapta—. NaBfturn aeaten hiul oFmgo 65lcal c>Hveaify">rrctement. nulasslr hhiul oFmgo 15–64—wil .as ded hifardl23%nhue Ch0l te35%nhue C25lcal 45%n te50%nhue C50 on, personality53">53elopment anhAstcenenldcdgaee-impact angrowpitfollwork wiydgele-impact anwill0shrt.c hByt C30 alutuork wiydgele-impact anionl pEU-25ew th ccal ct 280humint aiify">rrcteme303humint aitoda efT000EU-25ewoulnolosaaansacirotimtia nehumint aiuorkees>as in on, personality54">54hinery and htoend e ors suor hOECDeroulir—'le-impact ane>Hveaatim65linsliklg trceas ded hifardl13%nhue Ch0l te25.7%nhue C50.hGglobalbt foll65+le-impact anisopcajeepeThignas ded hifardl6.9nhue Ch0l te16.2nhue C50 on, personality55">55elopment anhObvxplola, omarn, te is pnced c eelfe ruefi ded h, alu teislnos,n.ndnraptana oF, filieprrem tranoork wiydgel te15–64 on, personality56">56elopment and individuality> s alng>ntggeel10.tBirthcRapeical Lced E eelfe ruefinWether Eu e h1900– Ch7.ery Ja Da i fardlo s alng>dn, personality17mac7elopment a,on, personality51">51elopment anher ConUTFeption o> o-floateBSITES < exphpcajeeparasnrgelghowthifinuork wiydgele-impact anbriregt angarde C10 te C50 hto nas> < exphpcajeeps ca ne ded hiiitinabgglobaluork idinnr h931humint aigel21%ngarde C10 te C30,/28%elaf">hadaphtweeas ded hifardl1990 te C10.tGrowthif hposian a in alliregt asiois inadaphEu e hupt te C30,/bepeitideclvnplgarde26%n te8%as ofreductiuoe c 10%ifinalliregt asielfopt Afr of.er Conception o> s alng>Tn rec2dePrpjeepeThC a pegfinWork wiyAg eP-impact an C10– C50. Da i fardlon, personality27">27elopment and s alng> er ConUTFeption o> o-floateBSITES57elopment anhAtWorldeBank Sn="leesdtmerm pof ev68humint aihmmigt es,(w thdcineedp>< tefretmlabgelrequisptilildls wilen apftionhgarde C03– C50ion, personality58">58hinery and htoe hiesdtmermsvmayapi en the tid, bependu teislnosdoubtr—n,gunlesoamljf p es cyavnnliades la tl akon,ml cpne srogesh w thdciardral vattdwclvnp in notropact e iezoir hsustuork wiydgele-impact anionEu e hdctiaeahand eais tuorkersitcefi thtranavailn recjobobon, personality59">59elopment anher Conception ofceteractRgn=gurct annd the ha cudinsalv clyaorrepeticamljf p es cyaaevfhs sustan l spEU,eumanitielaadoptcala goasaft" aenticatranecment, pudrape sustan l spregt angarde69%n te75%or hsuosaaago 20–64 dim2020non, personality60">60elopment anhuserelaapitasBurpocayrminashignas ded hilh bycipHct annd wg as in notuork idin htoencvrs sustemalanecment, pudrape . Al. NaEU-15lron egarde51%ifin1991l te64.7%nhue C00h[46].,c isopment, pudrapesrromai sarmenta20%ipoicts>laf">hof puome fadaph. Almeanionl pEU-15pof fsertgapdinsarmenta25%ipoicts>ionGs, in, pa epof fItalc. D.ny">I, Finsh, whNorwaye wedilAo cad asnng tn ments>l detreveaaygapmmrngapdre i sladaph10 Bfturn aeatpoicts>on, personality61">61elopment and individuality 62hinery and hByt C13,mlabge- idinnghowthifinl eaUn tcalSty">slw thdcizero htoenUSge haorecaete tereveaayahand eais t17humint aiuork wiydgeleful oFaim2020.tCtana w thdciahandi10humint aiuorkers.y aftea nae eelf>Tylopreveaayaurplu:is t47humint aiuorkees>hue C20,/bepeIn th 6 nasurplu:imayarrovetrllu63elopment anhRentprrecda i andpment, pudghowthifin aftea na/onfinrctement. ding ashueporsfinancs,erogilis i sladaph10%or hntden jobonher Conception ofceteracttoehuntfor feral capis. The populrcereastoituork wiydgele-impact aneterempent, pudcvrs. rannnergfon of Capimayayetlblsih lur c Thdimleach to the ss.ving humas,alubcus es ctroereg>rdn evmigt ct a, ductHOMsnd irems lEals that u aesycipHc2>tes. Ntcirof logi,ttheie comtly adonindtc>te atghhe wilahand eais tuorkersii an etmtallprimary f socidve reven ments,eumanitw thal ctsaao/oulier-wn soda tesusted ded remanulasslr huork wiydgelyoubhpff = and htygiroulir—efBostann eor of vly adonductfufectepcajeeparasnn prinalisupny of—namu sdopment, pudinsaneact de omogoWidd individuality . welfa tnhAtfon years pro "gtesustvaetemljf alcllitsustworld’s poimpact anncs>Thanal plcal ca>64hinery and hGools;, pud es c—l laws eterrogmpact aovp imumaeesistuimlyaevpes aspeeplen eo=eis primary dectisrds: a relategools;, pud., pho lirolstcinevelo into O2y muthteniteerrohdiuse ov relan prinalisupeciec cinevelo , solrer haplastteuiuszeuef d individuality lxatac mental-iergy srogpostpsious nhA byclrac23lduct 4elitsustUn olssimpDwclarHct annd He of R solre(1948)ot sirmal spresoda tework,bfree tif itar hempent, pu,> rdcalat antIe Coles such Bital faHe of R solr htoeseteulepnapedbionl pILO’s “DwclarHct annd F onaeir valPEesciplracectiR solrey sWork”ifin1998umastte wranda tesustUNrfin1994, ICPFedrguota relatesirma emmit, pueudigools;, puo< teuphnldcen naiesoda naethe roleefin fmmrn tegapmrapeint. lus a bro w threquispdn teact dechfula-epment, pu:e“WustHOMnacnent ofjobofohiul oFlackttranpr emeeniteersusirctru huof lif ashsn prinalintoo=eis ao hetbnhAstgools;, pudrelaassurudil spresoda tem approac—p baid, opeld it—prccmnaductmuthtalsmeeniteersuspresodar hevpes y is aeao ga efultopment, punhOurivpes , fl anar hsuspresodslabathe ness and epof fsertrogpostpsiousy tar hd as, thes tmuthtuoe cgteiew of ne a pe.e…opment, pudinsaneabsnabiaatenentptcl, fihuof lif intoo=eis ao hetb ductmuthtb. nac=gurzcalat aef onaeir valresodar hevpes ve of l res...”ion, personality3">3elopment an er Conception ofceteractllthoughetacigoasaft"mu sdopment, pudwelaembrac Thdima thtranOECDeroulir—ltfaereWorldeWa pII,ii an etmid-1990 iiudwelae #2irledhignacon2annuimly htoentrcnent but afte’s lopgramees l resrgn="i Thdimois inroulir—ltsals that ie Coles such vesources sultsaaoeo=ealtaihpontps la"pral2. , and inflromai suoe cact. zed, alu teisll mhpontpsious eduseefasht aresarurie develolsProbll teuct. zend that itneedi ntahmanhe selfes ,se omothapmr.e“hre teislatghuma s.asaft"worktls alabicle geicticaoonp in notworld,"worktls alwoulno aencad asnis ing ifelitre of2>

65elopment anh“hre aoilityl detof teislatfixeThoriinh">23elopment an er Conception ofceteractlct deticafu sdopment, pudinsabsnabialcsLthe rolee. Al. Nadral determinair hhe of this aref lh bogarded mhpontpsious edusteggloballeussanesntch elamity ornnuclin wn ,euoopment, pudloomslat sert remoneghumaest twredetcoie omotes human wir hhe of this arefUnlikltmtallnesntch , and inf,ehem>. , and infltre>pusxshprrecepdgmeteolcsd.nclrorape s the creuoact. zed. Job-napacad0 mental-i ashsnkillsvbretltallar quicklyal,hropoHOMd cen.tSs ierly,ent. lhum->2. Wider E approachinscene Eereformca6hinery and htoen oplexinair hoo=eis nced rkablet butd asnrdn eforuiuszeu>as ic cra pegy i mental-i ashsnkills. Kmental-i litsustBiethorae oflaws e selfeesarrdn eforuiuszeus,enrt sic rulesr. Aldr l wilepdglark wi,enrtussarogmpact aov. Alao>rdn evatBiolentskille. Huitygifoin phonps,eTVpanne opunclslar acnent wilen aIe Colealwoulno"prearhignruri ec hufoelaoeftfor hacgapis ,aa con< iao or, likltG"leleo’s t logoe t deeet butd ass.vil.tE approachit sert remonemtalleentprrecindtc>toslr hfamiiyasezodered, theito aencteroduvallaisr ments>annemoilv ces hiul oFlosd spciaialircoion,iesr. Alquchof pbs witicaoownhct ldhmantamina,if lp wiylopferrovecnt. hn, te r haplafamiiyamelasslaaf flsldn evemaa vaturne a pegemwar s>laf">hoe bye crigoasltsals that e oiumspiomsstlcnent offamiiyaBiol wiyhn, personality66">66elopment and individuality y flily ed berc. Al. fsstuustatseeleaallm approachductlaf"stc. Al. fsstumanitieveruteleaall opletentsprimdeform approacef nsexnrts in s thtifoh wiyhe ded hsnc cnreso67elopment a nher Conception o> s alng>ntggeel11. Yin ser hStifoh wiyductCoulirytGDPef daph2>68elopment ao s alng>d p>="UTFeption o> o-floateBSITES s alng>ntggeel12.tE approachvs. yssttith WeGDPl( Ch7). Da i fardlon, personality69">69elopment and s alng>d p>="viduality o-floateBSITES2="viduality Tysustalowalsuss:is te approacntlign="le Eeinmlo tacinacilirrenentp anionl pU.Slrain, edhl detc fsstuustaa hd bastifoh dimenmanc cnedh42% eoeeleshsandianpuoopment, pudrape 36% i sladaphc fsstuustiutlaahd bastifoh dimenmanon, personality70">70elopment anhuonl pCzeancRelubcus,l23%nr hhiul oFwof fingenn tefvnnshtsprimdeforstifoh a tlum pmenteT,iify">rrcteme 71elopment anhUo olss crigraduapesrionNorwayeenjoimi 26%nc cnreso72hinery andery Ja nhRecilirs. The populgn="nt i/onfirmal ate approachdtma thlsuss:hit sertkeyndr l">hnd minevelo growthrionaostand baductlafera roporoulir—lon, personality73">73elopment and individuality 2Hve,twofl tokttran umatashserminaylopferrovecnt.irsnkillsvbyttr wide higempent, pudrape . Alhiul oFwustalow-nkillsvis only 49%nhueEu e ,iify">rrcteme83%c. Al. fsstuustald bflsuss:is thkillde hig7i#2">2ionBelgeum, Iropa, whItalc, Finsh, oduct spU.K.a higempent, pudrape . 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W thiStrretmJnd nch , andedhl detc u tewu te6Ch,C00hunfilladdjobobionGeroece ity Ch7,aft"winanc4h,C00hwu tejobob. Alewitiedis uctiois inhkilladdhiul oFon, personality78">78hinery and hAoois inhuofeylrain, edhl det80%or hsmaplafineshionGeroece fiteriwhvpes e #2irledhignmor zeal phkilladdlabgel idinnl detc uyhrequispwelaciCfantn aIettituse . AlBuity slR, which (IW)arelapcajeepeThi detof tlabgelahand eaiw threand eiyrcticad e ors susbby nt. in C50,ea iiudw thdci opo oneerbyrd. The populrcereastls alwill0shrt.chsustlabgel idinhdimaoois in30%ion, perssonality79">79elopment anher Conception ofceteracttoet= and htygiroulir—l iogilim>oaomiiyrosituact awelaoughe aftealops tapim decadaph5Ch,C00htneso bro graduapesrannuimly,s rporapcalo80elopment anhHeeelrcp,nl ptkill0shand eahsnkss>as ic cgpeeprueaft"inancialestaf fs trslr hjobontli Ch7rgn="ledimsustFedmrape f aftentChalasslar hCemmfturpof fIafnciayaesdtmerm patahand eais t5Ch,C00hMD chHnehumint ainursnn, duct5Ch,C00hewitiediswelacy apita majeepeTha ahandf this t80%o. Aldoh huapeical pgst =oh huapeisoil tywasafinpiotnesources, 65l te70%ifinfooen manent wi, 50l te80%ifinbank wiydterfi on n, duct25%i. Alichlede itye approacnttoetsn="leapita mentaa stciretahand eais ttop phyrcaceua bro soil tywas. Shand eanaalsmeeiitht. 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Hntggeel16.er Conception o> s alng>ntggeel15.hGglobalSkillsiShand eal( C10)ef daph2>82elopment anhers alng>d p>="UTFeption o> o-floateBSITES s alng>ntggeel16.lSkillsiShand ealdimCouliryt( C10)ef daph2>82elopment anhers alng>d p>="UTFeption o> o-floateBSITES. , and inll and humanAlalovirmsc upoicts>eoionaevpeted ded remauapeir hsoduvale a penttoe the s,gunlesoaal, fl ntocayrminaldedmnmmhrce, fsoiplolatlcnelmrapeid that ith Wiiding vait,fsertgapdwill0, ftinuemignas ded h.iLsfetuntal poc,nen naly adawoulnob Aepiughettaockoulilof p, nticalsuss:is tuoopment, pudfinn etmidstectiunpnacidilily maspusxtydd individuality rytSProbllof pHd bercE approach2pend individuality slulrew of nrolshaular hd asrur>283elopment anhRaenticaggloballh bycipHct anrapesrintrd berce approachement. lsusst mcval pudfinl pU.S.awoulno equispent. etttelishan wir hhendreet butd ploblet butnon coblegestaf fuo olss c—lduct sptr wiyr homint at butquc284elopment anher Conception ofceteractFurof rme s,gtoe hii nliades lfinga tesistemaxnmum dnv e aeaten nt. non tnesources htoendote rolesclwsyxywasaof p humanicategglobalsistuimtuo olss cricaumabjectiengmgn evsusphd beallqucrthd baquc2annemond rls hur/,eAmazransd rh2>n—,ategglobal, fsandtum backeerbyrles such gools;, puorytbest inthabasoislin notworlde. 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"nt03 fwustnkips blaivsltur Conct ishp>2l dproaleThunicyerll e aecaf ppastamvafeum w,e huifihh,eeoendre ereastw.e siauss: asuIIAin etm r dolsschds coabunoamleaoudedDeroup>Hululrew Cotairgn=nfAulino nkilaonceSaidipcapianevetspca aseThdDero0 ppaseac,tgubjtruoaeptioametkou po p,iploq hdf neba,rpproaels,tlsril on, popsernacrn f ppastec ceA anmssN2tt zefllythinsopr dothshrefg,n wiyhnnPPb egramespn wif,tls3hasRyiughuda>Hululnnd pamoyaestaodshoachr eleaumranshandm de oo a pels,tlsrmopphinshe ofeyt ann a,eumanitwoOrgn=nfEhpnquctr nanupa ss,roe Cofes ,semvafeumnsoirmenrlls.tea ineioo nkilaan siaussness,reir,eel0lt,atesoirme s>ntgvelo ieil sprobjs andbpo5avluldntevolvtferoleec senfo e orkersd<-stBu,lthci e r A ncth, l efoeorr sttic of thuiglp>ninratesttic of thi ticamlenehhetonlnappcturetccrag ofyra in ato GagriempR,tbggtasge? Eahinshe ofeyt annr rti saeopmerhesiggee d2lng>nte bNavemedrmsc uDeroupproaeprs aobestoposl,fn ticapcbamleneh vihdplemapcb panupa d.ctfereefocpl4hinshe ofeyt "leshr hinboratitraradicmduepLs u20%no fatopadoxDeroupproaepbrChsrtomletnlve indicrtonlvar Elgindaumu aoughh,eemolnnproastlabglng>ntgvelo i rAs,CarleJug,warguoov dhGa,se SInt 4rbinresabaiter ssaaeasprobaroaular hinresabaiter san mvafeum w,e huimothaproaefg, fofeghregramocrapli2) he20hi9%nhueEu elir A tasge? Eahinshe ofeyteta nresai,C00dbces>He tffeeElgindaumu lthe ereastse SeoNnhais turlyeghuma in uie apfOeslywdeekmdebuetetnentdasPpdnfcmamarmonachr . cotdnfcnca,rt popsernacrn rnucriomeumirisourcbl,cleeuennfihrefg,nninratenenr —oruie apfOesp oaqucntgvelo ietnkips sirmsc upaapca aseTha pcs suafil sprobjsirmeposol6ourlevsonalaeleiviuhlrCPPPpdnf tens,CctsIoercfsmcereglofyrlmonhOun—,sabaqu, a athgy ,suo c siauss: suo 19i arhgy ,suo wiyhnnPPb egramesp ndeasgltoe-pie0ecalgemitalrilcafitbyp6%omothstccef y.dis uctiplul262l on, peAcipcapianePupd aLthe formSughuma in asfly C rnercegrnucthsrtomacipcapianeeIc aletN ath0shda,ctssncroginclrtonRlsmokshritprya,pR,njylypR,vihnnPPSopaswinri Mukkaicalgy CM,ttirminmaC loduc S ishp>Givobje.dis uctiplul262l on, peR. quedec aLthe f showslcroid="ftn*"ssu,ih, me="*" oy le=""7rei9%* GarabaJacobsMaVduc USbfompdn,CM,ttirminmaC loduc S ishp> & MduTashco1BoryncothTiuu essnedlabumAonceSbaiteArt & Sl rrnuctegfinr Ivo SlausMaUSbfompdn pudtbggl rti,obeividepDileta n & MduTashco1Boryn, edlabumAonceSbaiteArt & Sl rrnuctis uc,amossu,amossu,ipa e/dis uctiplgramocrapl_ftnocr*" me="_ftn*" oy le=""7rei9% C10 dimMowslcroid="ftn1"ssu,ih, me="1" oy le=""7rei9% 1. SticmC Achdook.II:febalSkie aratC Asriief mcahirrsdreihfeyathpndpudtockmpIntAiasehbNay orif,gce aratersdrCruonaaiter Woado iteNcotdnf;pR,ndoy Hgvee:chawbYork, NY, USA, 1776tis uc,amossu,amossu,ipa e/dis uctiplgramocrapl_ftnocr1" me="_ftn1" oy le=""7rei9% C10 dimMoid="ftn2"ssu,ih, me="2" oy le=""7rei9% 2r a9i i, O.pDiaernupeoroWoado devsW wiy:tAiaAlroachdushsVpmav. R%labumr eefocrnroifelo-ira ducorl oo othdClubv. RRo i; Elopmier:RRo iGivfoc>Gihgyt; p. 171"flu eap,amosssu,ipa e/dis uctiplgramocrapl_ftnocr2" me="_ftn2" oy le=""7rei9% dimMowslcroid="ftn3"ssu,ih, me="3" oy le=""7rei9%3.ctwumerceenr,CM.S.;eArryanucntC A.T.;eAvramogic, D.;eCbrper,pR.;eCsermbo, U.;eDbN nu, E.;eHbrpen,pR.V.;eIn="vi, J.;eJacobsMaG.;eJay vpempda,pL.;eJnd n. Un ommrs Oiethi araone:deRhk,nsonalPe47"rrsdrelss ilcafDtbyp6%omot: ducorl g/" roachducm, 6Commiand-,sunlPe47"rrsdrFood; Zclrdooke:dLrk,o-irUKGihg94"wor ,i,amossu,amossur u,ipa e/dis uctiplgramocrapl_ftnocr3" me="_ftn3" oy le=""7rei9% dimMowslcroid="ftn4"ssu,ih, me="4" oy le=""7rei9% 4"wM= r,pCofebalSkiOg e aaaiteMmusf; LudwighdDn MionaaIamoy sby:tAubur-irAL, USA, pron; p. 8.or ,i,amossu,amossur u,ipa e/dis uctiplgramocrapl_ftnocr4" me="_ftn4" oy le=""7rei9% dimMowslcroid="ftn5"ssu,ih, me="5" oy le=""7rei9%5. Miona,pL.mbuctfeAlofyr:tAhTi unpspeoroEasge? Ef;pFox & Wilkne:dStfeFdcts tv ,pCA, USA, 194n; pp. 96, 494"or ,i,amossu,amossur u,ipa e/dis uctiplgramocrapl_ftnocr5" me="_ftn5" oy le=""7rei9% C10 dimMowslcroid="ftn6"ssu,ih, me="6" oy le=""7rei9% 6a,pnlk r,pG.mbuctfer eefoc;eCseumbia Unf isnappcUSbfs:chawbYork, NY, USA, 1964 ue C10 d,amossu,amossu,ipa e/dis uctiplgramocrapl_ftnocr6" me="_ftn6" oy le=""7rei9% dimMowslcroid="ftn7"ssu,ih, me="7" oy le=""7rei9%7 ueLaroche,CM.; Mérathe,CM.febalSkiCylndpctt anhPPPpnd-,sbunobuctfer eefociNnhategfinrKpcapiane-B jtrEtuasa>ntPeWeellhg99, XXV, 87-100"flu eap,amossu,amossur u,ipa e/dis uctiplgramocrapl_ftnocr7" me="_ftn7" oy le=""7rei9% dimMowslcroid="ftn8"ssu,ih, me="8" oy le=""7rei9% 8 rAk oryiGiv.R.;eAds. , F.AchO197rrdesp Nhducm, 6G970l ty th arobuctfeRetnaFrrnrInehNanneri robe. J. Sl or i raie s iyrg wah vpii.edu/ce ro ppas/ei9% egfinr20TH.HTM ( ads jtruel11 MaytGaie)ctis uc,amossu,amossu,ipa e/dis uctiplgramocrapl_ftnocr12" me="_ftn12" oy le=""7rei9% C10 dimMowslcroid="ftn13"ssu,ih, me="13" oy le=""7rei9% 13.ctchultz, T.W.rInehNanneriNnhbuctfer eefoc. Am.rEtua peoo. 1961GihGih-17ctis uc,amossu,amossu,ipa e/dis uctiplgramocrapl_ftnocr13" me="_ftn13" oy le=""7rei9% C10 dimMowslcroid="ftn14"ssu,ih, me="14" oy le=""7rei9% 08e Crutzen,pPcJ.mGeulturaiteMr kios:gy CAnthtnsuceno. e arateaie2, 415,n n, tis uc,amossu,amossu,ipa e/dis uctiplgramocrapl_ftnocr14" me="_ftn14" oy le=""7rei9% C10 dimMowslcroid="ftn15"ssu,ih, me="15" oy le=""7rei9% 05endl wiin,pW.;eCrutzen,pPcJ.; McNe“GiJ.R.gy CAnthtnsuceno:tArl4naFrds Now91 awhelmesp ndeaGebuelFoFrrnrnhOe arat? AmbihFia07, 36, 614-621ctis uc,amossu,amossu,ipa e/dis uctiplgramocrapl_ftnocr15" me="_ftn15" oy le=""7rei9% dimMowslcroid="ftn16"ssu,ih, me="16" oy le=""7rei9%16.Huxley, J. hawbBo:tAhM s enio llPerPoplkhem;pOECD: Paria,pFdctse, aie1ctis uc,amossu,amossu,ipa e/dis uctiplgramocrapl_ftnocr17" me="_ftn17" oy le=""7rei9% C10 dimMowslcroid="ftn18"ssu,ih, me="18" oy le=""7rei9%18 r1Cmolnnaev, H.;eJacobsMaG.;eMacfart es,pR.;evtfeHbrpen,pR.;Oe araja-irA.gbuctferag of:gy CGenoon,dCosmou 10Srnd thDtbyp6%omot;edlabumAonceSbaiteArt & Sl rrnu:hM nneacleasMaMN, USA, 1999, tis uc,amossu,amossu,ipa e/dis uctiplgramocrapl_ftnocr18" me="_ftn18" oy le=""7rei9% C10 dimMowslcroid="ftn19"ssu,ih, me="19" oy le=""7rei9%19 uePey siirA.gCylgs and-, thRgioen, SeaeatiS 8690Gihgy4ctis uc,amossu,amossu,ipa e/dis uctiplgramocrapl_ftnocr19" me="_ftn19" oy le=""7rei9% C10 dimMowslcroid="ftn2rcesu,ih, me="20" oy le=""7rei9%1002 Sri,iviobimao.gy CLtionDileii; AllivobjecUSbfs:cPvelns Sr>Givobje,finrmplpp. 898-899, tis uc,amossu,amossu,ipa e/dis uctiplgramocrapl_ftnocr20" me="_ftn20" oy le=""7rei9% C10 dimMowslcroid="ftn21"ssu,ih, me="21" oy le=""7rei9%21n cspca , D.;eLeDrew,pCofGraneOnCng>ntgvelo ieCcaGiHa,pnncuinG970l ;,pnaconcUSbfs:cBoresr,CMA, USA, 1996"lu eap,amossu,amossu,ipa e/dis uctiplgramocrapl_ftnocr22" me="_ftn22" oy le=""7rei9% dimMowslcroid="ftn23"ssu,ih, me="23" oy le=""7rei9% n, Ott, K.;eDo19i a, RchSta 19oS k,nhOn kour hsernEnatcirtonlithPeWeel: Js uctomeumirisourIm>. an ,ssttimpInttfereefocpl4LinSs deEdnte:nEnatcirtonlithsourbuctfeHoado t th aroGraneOnGvs:,m dec; Soskoles,pC.L., Ed.;eLexi aesrrdooke:dLanhvi, MD, USA, aie7"flu eap,amossu,amossur u,ipa e/dis uctiplgramocrapl_ftnocr23" me="_ftn23" oy le=""7rei9% dimMowslcroid="ftn24"ssu,ih, me="24" oy le=""7rei9% n, nNscsr,CB.G.;eTL ht,CM.A oS k,nhOn kour :mEtuplemapcbnd tEasge? ElPerPoplkhemslsmod tEasg. 1997, 73, 553-568.or ,i,amossu,amossur u,ipa e/dis uctiplgramocrapl_ftnocr24" me="_ftn24" oy le=""7rei9% dimMowslcroid="ftn25"ssu,ih, me="25" oy le=""7rei9% n, Braev, Fe Crl es trNnte bNar eefocieoolbeted:mEtuplemapcbReskouedectral tfereefocpl4Dtbyp6%omot. "tup.rEtua ppron, 68, 605-611.or ,i,amossu,amossur u,ipa e/dis uctiplgramocrapl_ftnocr25" me="_ftn25" oy le=""7rei9% dimMowslcroid="ftn26"ssu,ih, me="26" oy le=""7rei9% 6. Dietz, S.;eNeucty r,pE.oWoahsourchpa 19oprobjs andbpo5aaular hSEEA:hCylndpcsnrfc aseThoyomot. "tup.rEtua ppro7, 61, 617-626.or ,i,amossu,amossur u,ipa e/dis uctiplgramocrapl_ftnocr26" me="_ftn26" oy le=""7rei9% dimMowslcroid="ftn27"ssu,ih, me="27" oy le=""7rei9% 7. dlabumbuctfer eefape s> s iyrdiua.unpment l(.aspx?d=bucDil&f=lluc< .cID:77ei9% ( ads jtruel1 MaytGaie)c or ,i,amossu,amossur u,ipa e/dis uctiplgramocrapl_ftnocr27" me="_ftn27" oy le=""7rei9% dimMowslcroid="ftn28"ssu,ih, me="28" oy le=""7rei9% 28 rŠlausMaI. Faorm aDoucab huahaTuviThhe a robe. Pap. hawbWsschaie;eHbrrrasPoftebacks:chawbYork, NY, USA, 1994; p. 1"flu eap,amossu,amossu,ipa e/dis uctiplgramocrapl_ftnocr31" me="_ftn31" oy le=""7rei9% C10 dimMowslcroid="ftn32"ssu,ih, me="32" oy le=""7rei9% 32. a9i i, O.; Stahrl, W.gy CLtmiii an Cjtruluis; Klule yAonceSaidPrm jtrs:cBoresr,CMA,tegfinrUSA, 1993ctis uc,amossu,amossu,ipa e/dis uctiplgramocrapl_ftnocr32" me="_ftn32" oy le=""7rei9% C10 dimMowslcroid="ftn33"ssu,ih, me="33" oy le=""7rei9% 33. Kowalski,CM.F.; WeiszGiHa,TuviThhe aiu afGraneOly tfereefocpl4Metableasmde itado dssourIm>tado dsFcyerls.cUSbfCofes asuIIAaie u 10EtuplemapcbEasge? Ef, Nainobi, Kenya,pAugs Raie<; p. 7ctis uc,amossu,amossu,ipa e/dis uctiplgramocrapl_ftnocr33" me="_ftn33" oy le=""7rei9% C10 dimMowslcroid="ftn34"ssu,ih, me="34" oy le=""7rei9% 34. talweDttopoathpndpuEt. Na.lichlede itye apprvobjcaersoniyintti57ro,lichledeEffil rrny & Rdas s iyrg w1.eque.pt. Na.gov/ba/pba/ei9% egfinri csy aniobjcaerso/ annl_pt. Na.html ( ads jtruel2 MaytGaie)ctis uc,amossu,amossu,ipa e/dis uctiplgramocrapl_ftnocr34" me="_ftn34" oy le=""7rei9% C10 dimMowslcroid="ftn35"ssu,ih, me="35" oy le=""7rei9% 35. deizsalk r,pE.;eDbNha,pC.;eHbrgc iss, K.;eStasinopoultbapP.;eSticmC M. FaontwnFf i:,TuviTeghrene ndeaGraneOnEtuasa>;eEdntescan:cLrk,o-irUKGipron; p. 38ctis uc,amossu,amossu,ipa e/dis uctiplgramocrapl_ftnocr35" me="_ftn35" oy le=""7rei9% C10 dimMowslcroid="ftn36"ssu,ih, me="36" oy le=""7rei9% 36. talweichlede ictuu pmdefAdhbsistccettimpInroachducm, 6ichledeAnnultu co6RoAo-fse .ctonntti: gramocrap s iyrg waeia.doe.gov/iea/" oy le=" s iyrg waeia.doe.gov/iea/"> s iyrg waeia.doe.gov/iea/ei9% ( ads jtruel2 MaytGaie)cflu eap,amossu,amossu,ipa e/dis uctiplgramocrapl_ftnocr36" me="_ftn36" oy le=""7rei9% C10 dimMowslcroid="ftn37"ssu,ih, me="37" oy le=""7rei9% 37. Stahrl, W.gPerctuu dectEtuasa>Gip jtr.;ePalab veeMacf s an:cHampshiatC UKGipr1mplpp. 5- n,lu eap,amossu,amossu,ipa e/dis uctiplgramocrapl_ftnocr37" me="_ftn37" oy le=""7rei9% C10 dimMowslcroid="ftn38"ssu,ih, me="38" oy le=""7rei9% 38c talweCsyus Berlau.italwebhl dlabumbuctfer eefClocks, human Ao-fse .ctonntti: gramocrap s iyrg wacsyus.gov/clulrg w/popclock.html" oy le=" s iyrg wacsyus.gov/clulrg w/popclock.html"> s iyrg wacsyus.gov/clulrg w/popclock.htmlei9% ( ads jtruel20 MaytGaie)ctis uc,amossu,amossu,ipa e/dis uctiplgramocrapl_ftnocr38" me="_ftn38" oy le=""7rei9% C10 dimMowslcroid="ftn39"ssu,ih, me="39" oy le=""7rei9% 39. dlabumeihfeyathpnducorl aie4–05:meihfeyathp,fapeltosp–>ebhl Pvs:,irTaeltospon; Inroachducm, 6Lablr Offili: Genova, Swefzernaev, at1e; p. 111n (dlabumr hwm. dminmrs1950./ata jtruel e olags behiaapadesauctfer eefonalage 15+h0shurene ntrsum roainamernluii6.4%)c or ,i,amossu,amossu,ipa e/dis uctiplgramocrapl_ftnocr39" me="_ftn39" oy le=""7rei9% C10 dimMowslcroid="ftn4rcesu,ih, me="40" oy le=""7rei9% 40. Lablrere EAPEP.bEasge? E behiAapadesbuctfer eefEsirmsc snrfc PanitwoRthe hgytIsuo 2e)c (dlabumeihfeyathpnes hugyt-98./ata jtruel e olags behiaapadesauctfer eefuluiiit+h0shurene ntrsum roainamernluii6.4% dchr op> s iyrlablrere.ilopmentopmev8rdiua/EAPEP/eoftp_E.htmlei9% ( ads jtruel27eDbcduTashGaie)cf tis uc,amossu,amossu,ipa e/dis uctiplgramocrapl_ftnocr40" me="_ftn40" oy le=""7rei9% C10 dimMowslcroid="ftn41"ssu,ih, me="41" oy le=""7rei9% 41. GraneOnEsum roainTdatra: Janulryipr1mplInroachducm, 6Lablur Offili: Genova, Swefzernaev, at10, tis uc,amossu,amossu,ipa e/dis uctiplgramocrapl_ftnocr41" me="_ftn41" oy le=""7rei9% C10 dimMowslcroid="ftn42"ssu,ih, me="42" oy le=""7rei9% 42. Inroachducm, 6MmustlryiFus r%labumEtuasa EaesLiF asend thSm1veys,u co6RoAo-fse .ctonntti: gramocrap s iyrg waimfpmenteac,rnel/pubs/ft/weo/ co6/02rdiua/imaox.aspx" oy le=" s iyrg waimfpmenteac,rnel/pubs/ft/weo/ co6/02rdiua/imaox.aspx"> s iyrg waimfpmenteac,rnel/pubs/ft/weo/ co6/02rdiua/imaox.aspxei9% ( ads jtruel21 MaytGaie)ctis uc,amossu,amossu,ipa e/dis uctiplgramocrapl_ftnocr42" me="_ftn42" oy le=""7rei9% C10 dimMowslcroid="ftn43"ssu,ih, me="43" oy le=""7rei9% 43. GraneOnEsum roainTdatra: Janulryipre<; Inroachducm, 6Lablur Offili: Genova, Swefzernaev, ate<; p. 10cflu eap,amossu,amossu,ipa e/dis uctiplgramocrapl_ftnocr43" me="_ftn43" oy le=""7rei9% C10 dimMowslcroid="ftn44"ssu,ih, me="44" oy le=""7rei9% 44. S>rdleuofesLiGraneOnCn ne athv0nbfs:cG970l tOiethi araonenes hDtbyp6%r oEtuasa es; IBMnGvs:,mtonlithP12 ame:dermonk, NY, USA, OontTashGa06plpp. 2, 4cflu eap,amossu,amossu,ipa e/dis uctiplgramocrapl_ftnocr44" me="_ftn44" oy le=""7rei9% C10 dimMowslcroid="ftn45"ssu,ih, me="45" oy le=""7rei9% 45. GraneOnEsum roainTdatra: Janulryipre9; Inroachducm, 6Lablur Offili: Genova, Swefzernaev, ate9, tis uc,amossu,amossu,ipa e/dis uctiplgramocrapl_ftnocr45" me="_ftn45" oy le=""7rei9% C10 dimMowslcroid="ftn46"ssu,ih, me="46" oy le=""7rei9% 46. OECDeStahonEx= jcri rAo-fse .ctonntti: gramocrap s iyrstaho.oecdpmentImaox.aspx" oy le=" s iyrstaho.oecdpmentImaox.aspx"> s iyrstaho.oecdpmentImaox.aspxei9% ( ads jtruel10 MaytGaie)cflu eap,amossu,amossu,ipa e/dis uctiplgramocrapl_ftnocr46" me="_ftn46" oy le=""7rei9% C10 dimMowslcroid="ftn47"ssu,ih, me="47" oy le=""7rei9% 47. dlabumDtbyp6%omotnducorl aie8:deRnfiltt>He tffeDtbyp6%omot;edlabumBank: Washi aesr, DC, USA, aie7"lu eap,amossu,amossu,ipa e/dis uctiplgramocrapl_ftnocr47" me="_ftn47" oy le=""7rei9% C10 dimMowslcroid="ftn48"ssu,ih, me="48" oy le=""7rei9% 48c Felipe, J. IeclundvecG970l tt th aroFulOnEsum roai.cUSbfCofes asuIIALdvecWebcrti,Sspihuafes KmeE-Cyl quedectmrsGraneOnEsum roainChas ennevey C%labumAonceSbaiteArt & Sl rrnu, April human Ao-fse .ctonntti: gramocrap s iyrg wac70ipaonceSopmentfiles/INCLUSIVE%20GROWTH" oy le=" s iyrg wac70ipaonceSopmentfiles/INCLUSIVE%20GROWTH"> s iyrg wac70ipaonceSopmentfiles/INCLUSIVE%20GROWTHei9% egfinr%20LAUNCH%20Jeyus%20Felipe.pdf ( ads jtruel10 MaytGaie)cflu eap,amossu,amossu,ipa e/dis uctiplgramocrapl_ftnocr48" me="_ftn48" oy le=""7rei9% C10 dimMowslcroid="ftn49"ssu,ih, me="49" oy le=""7rei9% 49. dray, RchFulOnEsum roai s iyrg wac70ipaonceSopmentfiles/Job%20Gulraofee%20ei9% egfinrdray%20onc70isunpti%20ti%20N i%Gaie%Ga09npdf ( ads jtruel8 MaytGaie)cf tis uc,amossu,amossu,ipa e/dis uctiplgramocrapl_ftnocr49" me="_ftn49" oy le=""7rei9% C10 dimMowslcroid="ftn5rcesu,ih, me="50" oy le=""7rei9% 50. deakmeihfeyathpnduv iwdeqsasalPerPda,C0tcHtensUtrsum roaina ,sDts l0l%laksDtfil u :gAn Updurnnmeihfeyathpna ,sLablur MarkeinTdatratmrsG20t25%i. AliplInroachducm, 6Lablur Offili: Genova, Swefzernaev, at10; p. 10cflu eap,amossu,amossu,ipa e/dis uctiplgramocrapl_ftnocr50" me="_ftn50" oy le=""7rei9% C10 dimMowslcroid="ftn51"ssu,ih, me="51" oy le=""7rei9% 51. y rblrn,pG.mBvCt lduSexebhl Pvwer:cFami Namntenen%labu, 190rti, co0; RoutpianeveTayles& Fdcts tcG97up:cFlctrrnu, KY, USA, aie4cflu eap,amossu,amossu,ipa e/dis uctiplgramocrapl_ftnocr51" me="_ftn51" oy le=""7rei9% C10 dimMowslcroid="ftn52"ssu,ih, me="52" oy le=""7rei9% 52. EbBulsdt, N.;cG97cmC H.oboado baibumEbeivimpInroachducm, 6HerntdnTdibunu, April hue7"oAo-fse .ctonntti: gramocrap s iyrg waiht.com/eposol6/ co7/04/19/6%r ucm/edebB.php" oy le=" s iyrg waiht.com/eposol6/ co7/04/19/6%r ucm/edebB.php"> s iyrg waiht.com/eposol6/ co7/04/19/6%r ucm/edebB.phpei9% ( ads jtruel18 MaytGaie)cflu eap,amossu,amossu,ipa e/dis uctiplgramocrapl_ftnocr52" me="_ftn52" oy le=""7rei9% C10 dimMowslcroid="ftn53"ssu,ih, me="53" oy le=""7rei9% 53. Münz, RchMigraofa,pLablur MarkeiofesLiInrogrmmduepLs Ebeivi:tAhCyn brhdushsAtomamet;iGraneOnCn miand-,sunlInroachducm, 6Migrmmdue: Genova, Swefzernaev, ate4; p. 19cflu eap,amossu,amossu,ipa e/dis uctiplgramocrapl_ftnocr53" me="_ftn53" oy le=""7rei9% C10 dimMowslcroid="ftn54"ssu,ih, me="54" oy le=""7rei9% 54. Kok,pW.;eDell’Ahr a,pC.;eLiviz, FeD.;eEkströmirA.; Rodrigeba,rMcJ.; Pianarer n,pC.;eRouxirA.; Schmid,pG.mJobsMaJobsMaJobs: Ci unp oMhlrCE hwm. dminmrsEbeivi;,obeividepCn miand-,sEsum roairtn,pC.aDoucab huahaAgei a, Esum roairdleuofTrOMnm%laksonalPoormpUSbfCofes asuIIAdlabumBankeAnnultuBankeCyl quedectgnmDtbyp6%omotnEasge? Ef, Brus jaseaBelgium, MaytGae4cflu eap,amossu,amossu,ipa e/dis uctiplgramocrapl_ftnocr58" me="_ftn58" oy le=""7rei9% C10 dimMowslcroid="ftn59"ssu,ih, me="59" oy le=""7rei9% 59. ŠlausMaI. obeividepIamoy sbycothT vihdpley—Alaatt,mpcti nEuintdidepJs uctomeumire CroatmpInr peolat peoo. pro7, 12, 45-50.r ur u,amossu,amossu,ipa e/dis uctiplgramocrapl_ftnocr59" me="_ftn59" oy le=""7rei9% C10 dimMowslcroid="ftn6rcesu,ih, me="60" oy le=""7rei9% 60. kn esrio 2e:tAhStccef you 10Smepo, tfereefocpl4esLiInclundvecG970l ;,obeividepCn miand-,: Brus jaseaBelgium, at10cflu eap,amossu,amossu,ipa e/dis uctiplgramocrapl_ftnocr60" me="_ftn60" oy le=""7rei9% C10 dimMowslcroid="ftn61"ssu,ih, me="61" oy le=""7rei9% 61. OECDeEsum roai s iyrg wacotmba.com/eotmba/dtbgg_Asia/HE05Df01.htmlei9% ( ads jtruel25 MaytGaie)ce C10 d,amossu,amossu,ipa e/dis uctiplgramocrapl_ftnocr63" me="_ftn63" oy le=""7rei9% C10 dimMowslcroid="ftn64"ssu,ih, me="64" oy le=""7rei9% 64. Nagan,pW.obuctfeRhItasprsdreihfeyathpmpUSbfCofes asuIIALdvecWebcrti,Sspihuafes KmeE-Cyl quedectmrsGraneOnEsum roainChas ennevey C%labumAonceSbaiteArt & Sl rrnu, N ishTashGa09n Ao-fse .ctonntti: gramocrap s iyrg wac70ipaonceSopmentforum/ ,suo-rhItas-rsd-rsum roai-wpamoon-nagan" oy le=" s iyrg wac70ipaonceSopmentforum/ ,suo-rhItas-rsd-rsum roai-wpamoon-nagan"> s iyrg wac70ipaonceSopmentforum/ ,suo-rhItas-rsd-rsum roai-wpamoon-naganei9% ( ads jtruel20 MaytGaie)cflu eap,amossu,amossu,ipa e/dis uctiplgramocrapl_ftnocr64" me="_ftn64" oy le=""7rei9% C10 dimMowslcroid="ftn65"ssu,ih, me="65" oy le=""7rei9%65. a9i i, O.; JacobsMaG.;eŠlausMaI. Woado iteNcotdnfieoolbeted robe. Pap. hawbWsschai10,sPofte N . 05endpend thIssupeoroWoado devsW wiyn Ao-fse .ctonntti: gramocrap s iyrennanna wiypment" oy le=" s iyrennanna wiypment"> s iyrennanna wiypmentei9% egfinr2010/04/18/intpeltosory- ofte-for-a-p12 amme-on- Km-woado -of-n00 hvn-roolbeted/ ( ads jtruel7 MaytGaie)ce C10 d,amossu,amossu,ipa e/dis uctiplgramocrapl_ftnocr65" me="_ftn65" oy le=""7rei9% C10 dimMowslcroid="ftn66"ssu,ih, me="66" oy le=""7rei9% 66. Lutz, WofGraneOnDoucab huahaChas enneeun—,at Ro’slyEotairgn=nfUSbfCofes asuIIAClubv. RRo i" roachducm, 6Col quedectgnmCylndrper Stccef ihuafes roachducm, 6DpIntNpsn,Czs, uIIAa1gp,CiydeceiuBern,pSwefzernaev, 17 N ishTashGa10; p. 2clu eap,amossu,amossu,ipa e/dis uctiplgramocrapl_ftnocr66" me="_ftn66" oy le=""7rei9% C10 dimMowslcroid="ftn67"ssu,ih, me="67" oy le=""7rei9% 67. Cryn, D.gy CCruoeOnEff> s iyree olagx.bples.nyotmba.com/Ga09/10/20/ Km. Dena-lagp-siydece-rsd-...ei9% ( ads jtruel12 MaytGaie)c ue C10 d,amossu,amossu,ipa e/dis uctiplgramocrapl_ftnocr68" me="_ftn68" oy le=""7rei9% C10 dimMowslcroid="ftn69"ssu,ih, me="69" oy le=""7rei9% 69. 1 adingpriBarpihrs:cbuctfeMo kour hsernDtbyp6%omot;ebuctfeDtbyp6%omotnducorl aie9;ePalab veeMacf s an:cHampshiatC UKGipr09n C10 d,amossu,amossu,ipa e/dis uctiplgramocrapl_ftnocr69" me="_ftn69" oy le=""7rei9% C10 dimMowslcroid="ftn7rcesu,ih, me="70" oy le=""7rei9% 70. Berlau.ucrLablr Stahl on,a,rUnfbamlStahef4DttopoathpndpuLablr. "nt03 fwusPaysn Ao-fse .ctonntti: gramocrap s iyrg wabls.gov/rsu/rsutab7.htm" oy le=" s iyrg wabls.gov/rsu/rsutab7.htm"> s iyrg wabls.gov/rsu/rsutab7.htmei9% ( ads jtruel12 MaytGaie)c l(b/ata jtruelweekfn tebjenuldnti aandpuhsrt-otmb wsde0n—oeOlryic70kesoniyiGae6Roue C10 d,amossu,amossu,ipa e/dis uctiplgramocrapl_ftnocr70" me="_ftn70" oy le=""7rei9% C10 dimMowslcroid="ftn71"ssu,ih, me="71" oy le=""7rei9% 71. OECD.sUtrsum roainrsc snrfc ehpnquc s iyrstah nko.oecdcodypment96aie6061P1-A8.XLSei9% ( ads jtruel11 MaytGaie)ctis uc,amossu,amossu,ipa e/dis uctiplgramocrapl_ftnocr71" me="_ftn71" oy le=""7rei9% C10 dimMowslcroid="ftn72"ssu,ih, me="72" oy le=""7rei9% 72r OECD.swn, otdec dre ehpnquc s iyrstah nko.oecdcodypment96aie6061P1-A9.XLSei9% ( ads jtruel12 MaytGaie)ctis uc,amossu,amossu,ipa e/dis uctiplgramocrapl_ftnocr72" me="_ftn72" oy le=""7rei9% C10 dimMowslcroid="ftn73"ssu,ih, me="73" oy le=""7rei9% 73. Lutz, Wo; Cuwiysma, J.;eS fcerPdn, W.gy CDoucab huyoucr"nt03 fwu thAtreefroainnd tEasge? ElG970l . Sl rrnuhaie s iyrdiuabank.c70ipbank.mentei9% ( ads jtruel24eDbcduTashGaie)ce C10 d,amossu,amossu,ipa e/dis uctiplgramocrapl_ftnocr74" me="_ftn74" oy le=""7rei9% C10 dimMowslcroid="ftn75"ssu,ih, me="75" oy le=""7rei9% 75itMaddiso-irA.gStahl on,aeoroWlabumbuctfer ee, GDPtbhl PPr0r eefo GDP, 1ti, co8 ADn Ao-fse .ctonntti: gramocrap s iyrg waggdcannt/MADDISON/Hnresags b_Stahl on,a/hsagzonlit-file_02-at10cxls" oy le=" s iyrg waggdcannt/MADDISON/Hnresags b_Stahl on,a/hsagzonlit-file_02-at10cxls"> s iyrg waggdcannt/MADDISON/Hnresags b_Stahl on,a/hsagzonlit-file_02-at...ei9% ( ads jtruel24eDbcduTashGaie)cflu eap,amossu,amossu,ipa e/dis uctiplgramocrapl_ftnocr75" me="_ftn75" oy le=""7rei9% C10 dimMowslcroid="ftn76"ssu,ih, me="76" oy le=""7rei9% 76. Cooper,pR.A. Woighr op>.omeumirona tun Aresp Regfu eramlN dimm%lakfoFrr. JAMA aie0, a83, egfinr2948-2954ce C10 d,amossu,amossu,ipa e/dis uctiplgramocrapl_ftnocr77" me="_ftn77" oy le=""7rei9% C10 dimMowslcroid="ftn78"ssu,ih, me="78" oy le=""7rei9% 78. obeiviminmaLablr Shngprgo. y C%all StceeCoJournel,eJuge hue7"oAo-fse .ctonntti: gramocrap s iyronntti.wsj.com/eposol6/SB118176922956534351.html?mod=6%r ucm&ojrprlmot=otep" oy le=" s iyronntti.wsj.com/eposol6/SB118176922956534351.html?mod=6%r ucm&ojrprlmot=otep"> s iyronntti.wsj.com/eposol6/SB118176922956534351.html?mod=6%r ucm&ojrp...ei9% ( ads jtruel21 MaytGaie)ctis uc,amossu,amossu,ipa e/dis uctiplgramocrapl_ftnocr78" me="_ftn78" oy le=""7rei9% C10 dimMowslcroid="ftn79"ssu,ih, me="79" oy le=""7rei9% 79.mGeuu d,oheietsC%araproaAOlrngpriLack.ucrS ppael dlakeso. CibamleneDeutsc Wopae, MaytGae4c Ao-fse .ctonntti: gramocrap s iyrg wadw-c70ip.de/dw/eposol6/0,2144,1219935,00.html" oy le=" s iyrg wadw-c70ip.de/dw/eposol6/0,2144,1219935,00.html"> s iyrg wadw-c70ip.de/dw/eposol6/0,2144,1219935,00.htmlei9% ( ads jtruel21 MaytGaie)ctis uc,amossu,amossu,ipa e/dis uctiplgramocrapl_ftnocr79" me="_ftn79" oy le=""7rei9% C10 dimMowslcroid="ftn8rcesu,ih, me="80" oy le=""7rei9% 80. LiuC M. y CMeasrc, 6Mi4,e N,CNewsweek,pAugs Raie7"oAo-fse .ctonntti: gramocrap s iyrg wanewsweek.com/Ga07/08/15/ Km-measrc, -m.4,e N.html" oy le=" s iyrg wanewsweek.com/Ga07/08/15/ Km-measrc, -m.4,e N.html"> s iyrg wanewsweek.com/Ga07/08/15/ Km-measrc, -m.4,e N.htmlei9% ( ads jtruel22 MaytGaie)ce C10 d,amossu,amossu,ipa e/dis uctiplgramocrapl_ftnocr80" me="_ftn80" oy le=""7rei9% C10 dimMowslcroid="ftn81"ssu,ih, me="81" oy le=""7rei9% 81. FICCIhSm1veynmeiriresp S ppa ShngprgooniyinttivobjeepIads ury; FICCI:chawbDelhiGivobje,fJulyRaie7"oAo-fse .ctonntti: gramocrap s iyrg waficci-hen.com/S ppa_Shngprgo_Sm1vey_F asl_1_npdf" oy le=" s iyrg waficci-hen.com/S ppa_Shngprgo_Sm1vey_F asl_1_npdf"> s iyrg waficci-hen.com/S ppa_Shngprgo_Sm1vey_F asl_1_npdfei9% ( ads jtruel21 MaytGaie)ctis uc,amossu,amossu,ipa e/dis uctiplgramocrapl_ftnocr81" me="_ftn81" oy le=""7rei9% C10 dimMowslcroid="ftn82"ssu,ih, me="82" oy le=""7rei9% 82itMance ro.uSupplyCDouaev, at10eTalmotnShngprgohSm1veyResulri rAo-fse .ctonntti: gramocrap s iyrfiles.shwiyholcer.com/downloads/MAN/941594442x0x375392/7a757c36-85af-4cc4-b819-50be86798382/at10_graneO_shngprgo_sm1vey_resulri_A4_lonpdf" oy le=" s iyrfiles.shwiyholcer.com/downloads/MAN/941594442x0x375392/7a757c36-85af-4cc4-b819-50be86798382/at10_graneO_shngprgo_sm1vey_resulri_A4_lonpdf"> s iyrfiles.shwiyholcer.com/downloads/MAN/941594442x0x375392/7a757c36-8...ei9% ( ads jtruel21 MaytGaie)ctis uc,amossu,amossu,ipa e/dis uctiplgramocrapl_ftnocr82" me="_ftn82" oy le=""7rei9% C10 dimMowslcroid="ftn83"ssu,ih, me="83" oy le=""7rei9% 83.mbuctfer eefoc: How W alrYou KpcanShapoonYlur LinS; OECD: Paria,pFdctse, aie7; p. 32"oAo-fse .ctonntti: gramocrap s iyrg waoecdpmentdiuaoecd/35/51/37967294npdf" oy le=" s iyrg waoecdpmentdiuaoecd/35/51/37967294npdf"> s iyrg waoecdpmentdiuaoecd/35/51/37967294npdfei9% ( ads jtruel22 MaytGaie)cflu eap,amossu,amossu,ipa e/dis uctiplgramocrapl_ftnocr83" me="_ftn83" oy le=""7rei9% C10 dimMowslcroid="ftn84"ssu,ih, me="84" oy le=""7rei9% 84c Garaett, R.febntticHtenash"nt03 fwusMarkeinUpdurnGaie—talwebhl NewbYork l(.fUSbfCofes asuIIASUNY Lednti aCNetc70khSm mit, Syracuse, NY, USA, Februlryipr1m"oAo-fse .ctonntti: gramocrap s iyrg wasntdishwiyannt/almxmldrapickeit/nfihard-garaetts-eduviydeces-onntti-ughh,e- Km. Dena-markei-updurn-at10-us-rsd-new-y70k-diua" oy le=" s iyrg wasntdishwiyannt/almxmldrapickeit/nfihard-garaetts-eduviydeces-onntti-ughh,e- Km. Dena-markei-updurn-at10-us-rsd-new-y70k-diua"> s iyrg wasntdishwiyannt/almxmldrapickeit/nfihard-garaetts-eduviydeces-...ei9% ( ads jtruel22 MaytGaie)cflu eap,amossu,amossu,ipa e/dis uctiplgramocrapl_ftnocr84" me="_ftn84" oy le=""7rei9% C10 dimMowslcroid="ftn85"ssu,ih, me="85" oy le=""7rei9% 85.4LinSsL 19oLednti aCsourbuctfer eefoc,faeWeellBrief; OECD: Paria,pFdctse, JulyRaie7; p. 6"oAo-fse .ctonntti: gramocrap s iyrg waoecdpmentdiuaoecd/43/50/3898221m"pdf" oy le=" s iyrg waoecdpmentdiuaoecd/43/50/3898221m"pdf"> s iyrg waoecdpmentdiuaoecd/43/50/3898221m"pdfei9% ( ads jtruel22 MaytGaie)ce C10 d,amossu,amossu,ipa e/dis uctiplgramocrapl_ftnocr85" me="_ftn85" oy le=""7rei9% C10 dimMowslcroid="ftn86"ssu,ih, me="86" oy le=""7rei9% 86"oWilkinso-irR.; Pickeit, K. roachducm, 6Ineonlnappc l(; y CEonlnappcTiuu :cLrk,o-irUKctis uc,amossu,amossu,ipa e/dis uctiplgramocrapl_ftnocr86" me="_ftn86" oy le=""7rei9% C10 dimMowslcroid="ftn87"ssu,ih, me="87" oy le=""7rei9% 87"oAguayo-Riv ,pA.; Guerra-Turrubisc sMaI.A.; Mprlms, R.fEmpirmapcbEgincrnuhg/"t C mpa s iyrg wapahopmentEng j/HDP/HDD/fogrl"pdfei9% ( ads jtruel10 MaytGaie)cflu eap,amossu,amossu,ipa e/dis uctiplgramocrapl_ftnocr89" me="_ftn89" oy le=""7rei9% C10 dimMowslcroid="ftn9rcesu,ih, me="90" oy le=""7rei9% 9m"oBloom, D.E.;eCbnni a, D.swn, Hoado devsW ado iteNcotdnf. Sl rrnuhaie0, a87, 1207-1209n C10 d,amossu,amossu,ipa e/dis uctiplgramocrapl_ftnocr90" me="_ftn90" oy le=""7rei9% C10 dimMowslcroid="ftn91"ssu,ih, me="91" oy le=""7rei9% 91"oBloom, D.E.;eCbnni a, D.;lSev s a, J. y CEff> s iyrg wacdntf ihek,owathp.mentei9% egfinrfiles/Keincl_Srnd t_UnocsC.pdf ( ads jtruel11 MaytGaie)ctis uc,amossu,amossu,ipa e/dis uctiplgramocrapl_ftnocr92" me="_ftn92" oy le=""7rei9% C10 dimMowslcroid="ftn93"ssu,ih, me="93" oy le=""7rei9% 93chMisistcyoucrelng>ntSecurappcStahl on,a.oChi bfC0Srnd thapetcsCz(“MasnrInnddonts”) 1993ti, co3n Ao-fse .ctonntti: gramocrap s iyrg wauscc.gov/hea9i gs/Ga05hea9i gs/writfen_tcsCim n ra/05_04_14" oy le=" s iyrg wauscc.gov/hea9i gs/Ga05hea9i gs/writfen_tcsCim n ra/05_04_14"> s iyrg wauscc.gov/hea9i gs/Ga05hea9i gs/writfen_tcsCim n ra/05_04_14ei9% egfinrwrts/smeas_fdctk_wrts_clip_imagea02"gif ( ads jtruel12 MaytGaie)ctis uc,amossu,amossu,ipa e/dis uctiplgramocrapl_ftnocr93" me="_ftn93" oy le=""7rei9% C10 dimMowslcroid="ftn94"ssu,ih, me="94" oy le=""7rei9% 94. RogrnLOb.oChi afesLiIndia:rHoartlrsdaaiteGraneOnbpetcsCschO1enoDemrnracy,pAugs Raie<"oAo-fse .ctonntti: gramocrap s iyrg wao1endemrnracyannt/aposol6/chi a-rsd-iobja-hoartlrsda-of-graneO-p12tcsC" oy le=" s iyrg wao1endemrnracyannt/aposol6/chi a-rsd-iobja-hoartlrsda-of-graneO-p12tcsC"> s iyrg wao1endemrnracyannt/aposol6/chi a-rsd-iobja-hoartlrsda-of-grane...ei9% ( ads jtruel5 MaytGaie)ctis uc,amossu,amossu,ipa e/dis uctiplgramocrapl_ftnocr94" me="_ftn94" oy le=""7rei9% C10 dimMowslcroid="ftn95"ssu,ih, me="95" oy le=""7rei9% 95n Armed6Col g>ntsnducorl; Panitwo Plh arshwiys: Ontlri ,pCanada, human Ao-fse .ctonntti: gramocrap s iyrg waplh arshwiysacd/librapihu/ACRText/ACR-IndiaAP.html" oy le=" s iyrg waplh arshwiysacd/librapihu/ACRText/ACR-IndiaAP.html"> s iyrg waplh arshwiysacd/librapihu/ACRText/ACR-IndiaAP.htmlei9% ( ads jtruel10 MaytGaie)ce C10 d,amossu,amossu,ipa e/dis uctiplgramocrapl_ftnocr95" me="_ftn95" oy le=""7rei9% C10 dimMowslcroid="ftn96"ssu,ih, me="96" oy le=""7rei9% 96. Si ghirA.K.;eDh vp-irlwB. Woekfn As jsshenhon& Briefi gsirltbgg Asia rolpa rrnuheoolewaiter ltbgg Asia Terrorism Pvrfoc. SAIRhai10,s8, N . 39n Ao-fse .ctonntti: gramocrap s iyrg wasatp.mentsatpmentptsair/ArchiehNtsair8/8_39nhtm" oy le=" s iyrg wasatp.mentsatpmentptsair/ArchiehNtsair8/8_39nhtm"> s iyrg wasatp.mentsatpmentptsair/ArchiehNtsair8/8_39nhtmei9% ( ads jtruel10 MaytGaie)c C10 d,amossu,amossu,ipa e/dis uctiplgramocrapl_ftnocr96" me="_ftn96" oy le=""7rei9% C10 dimMowslcroid="ftn97"ssu,ih, me="97" oy le=""7rei9% 97. Jaffryp6t,pC.aeiriresp Stahef:gy CWopasphr oa tu hawbWlabumOrdop;OCseumbia Unf isnappcUSbfs:cWcsCzSus jxirUKGipron; p. 86"o C10 d,amossu,amossu,ipa e/dis uctiplgramocrapl_ftnocr97" me="_ftn97" oy le=""7rei9% C10 dimMowslcroid="ftn98"ssu,ih, me="98" oy le=""7rei9% 98. JacobsMaG.;eŠlausMaI. vobjcaersona tEasge? ElP12 bfs:cy CPale yroaMseThoyomotCsourbuctfeW wiyn Cadmus Jchai10,s1, 53-113ctis uc,amossu,amossu,ipa e/dis uctiplgramocrapl_ftnocr98" me="_ftn98" oy le=""7rei9% C10 dimMowslcroid="ftn99"ssu,ih, me="99" oy le=""7rei9% 99, Raja-irRchFault Li bf; PairnuesrrUnf isnappcUSbfs:cPairnuesr, NJ, USA, ai10; p. 183ctis uc,amossu,amossu,ipa e/dis uctiplgramocrapl_ftnocr99" me="_ftn99" oy le=""7rei9% C10 dimMowslcroid="ftn10rcesu,ih, me="10rc oy le=""7rei9% 000n Camdbfsua,rMciIncil eDistcibu fwus fc tfereefocpl4G970l :rs alPerPoplkhemiwsuie ac IMF asFifppc.fUSbfCofes asuIIACol quedectgnmIncil eDistcibu fwus fc tfereefocpl4G970l , Washi aesr, DC, USA, 1eJuge 1995RoAo-fse .ctonntti: gramocrap s iyrg waimfpmenteac,rnel/nptsec/mds/1995/" oy le=" s iyrg waimfpmenteac,rnel/nptsec/mds/1995/"> s iyrg waimfpmenteac,rnel/nptsec/mds/1995/ei9% egfinrmds9509nhtm ( ads jtruel7 JulyRaiie)cflu eap,amossu,amossu,ipa e/dis uctiplgramocrapl_ftnocr10rc me="_ftn100" oy le=""7rei9% C10 dimMowslcroid="ftn101cesu,ih, me="101c oy le=""7rei9% 001, Ramihara-irRchIneonlnappcIsrUnfene .c.iF asenemDtb.aIMF ai10,s47, a4- n,lu eap,amossu,amossu,ipa e/dis uctiplgramocrapl_ftnocr101c me="_ftn101" oy le=""7rei9% C10 dimMowslcroid="ftn102cesu,ih, me="102c oy le=""7rei9% 002. Cornje,fG.A.; Coupo, JchIneonlnapp,umpmdueprsdrechlede itye appRoAo-fse .ctonntti: gramocrap s iyrg waeia.doe.gov/yomu/intoachducm, /" oy le=" s iyrg waeia.doe.gov/yomu/intoachducm, /"> s iyrg waeia.doe.gov/yomu/intoachducm, /ei9% egfinrpt. 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Lutz, WoyEoisor oc: Towryns aAdlabumdpu2–6 B.4,e NCWopayEotaires hl y refhlrCboado badevsW ado y Peop.c.iJchR.gStahl o.6S i.aaie9, 172, 701-70n,lu eap,amossu,amossu,ipa e/dis uctiplgramocrapl_ftnocr112c me="_ftn112" oy le=""7rei9% C10 dimMowslcroid="ftn113cesu,ih, me="113c oy le=""7rei9% 013c l(b NCT:,iilryiicrollomotndsc snis takeriwsuieUNESCO diuabase rAo-fse .ctonntti: gramocrap s iyrstaho.uet.unescopmentunesco/Ta .cViewer/ta .cView.aspx?RecorlId=167" oy le=" s iyrstaho.uet.unescopmentunesco/Ta .cViewer/ta .cView.aspx?RecorlId=167"> s iyrstaho.uet.unescopmentunesco/Ta .cViewer/ta .cView.aspx?RecorlId=167ei9% ( ads jtruel22 MaytGaie)c C10 d,amossu,amossu,ipa e/dis uctiplgramocrapl_ftnocr113c me="_ftn113" oy le=""7rei9% C10 dimMowslcroid="ftn114cesu,ih, me="114c oy le=""7rei9% 014.italeichlede ictuu pmdefAdhbsistccettimpInroachducm, 6ichledeStahl on,a.oAo-fse .ctonntti: gramocrap s iyrtprloaeia.doe.gov/cfapps/ipdbp12itwo/iamimaox3.cfm?tid=3&pid=26&aid=2&cid=&syid=ugyt&eyid=aie9& ara=QBTU" oy le=" s iyrtprloaeia.doe.gov/cfapps/ipdbp12itwo/iamimaox3.cfm?tid=3&pid=26&aid=2&cid=&syid=ugyt&eyid=aie9& ara=QBTU"> s iyrtprloaeia.doe.gov/cfapps/ipdbp12itwo/iamimaox3.cfm?tid=3&pid=26&a...ei9% ( ads jtruel22 MaytGaie)c C10 d,amossu,amossu,ipa e/dis uctiplgramocrapl_ftnocr114c me="_ftn114" oy le=""7rei9% C10 dimMowslcroid="ftn115cesu,ih, me="115c oy le=""7rei9% 015"oWilso-irC. F:,iinappcByp6w R ndticroaishhrs:chawbYork, NY, USA, ugy7plpp. 35, 99,flu eap,amossu,amossu,ipa e/dis uctiplgramocrapl_ftnocr118c me="_ftn118" oy le=""7rei9% C10 dimMowslcroid="ftn119cesu,ih, me="119c oy le=""7rei9% 019n Pe adiirA.gAgendaafes KmeEndaiter Ciydece; y CClubv. RRo i:RRo i, toma, ugy4ce C10 d,amossu,amossu,ipa e/dis uctiplgramocrapl_ftnocr119c me="_ftn119" oy le=""7rei9% C10 dimMowslcroid="ftn12rcesu,ih, me="12rc oy le=""7rei9% 020n dlabumValeba,rdlabumValebahSm1veydiuabase rAo-fse .ctonntti: gramocrap s iyrg wacvsevsdb.com/" oy le=" s iyrg wacvsevsdb.com/"> s iyrg wacvsevsdb.com/ei9% egfinrwvs/WVSAtomize.jsp ( ads jtruel22 MaytGaie)c C10 d,amossu,amossu,ipa e/dis uctiplgramocrapl_ftnocr12rc me="_ftn120" oy le=""7rei9% C10 dimMowslcroid="ftn121cesu,ih, me="121c oy le=""7rei9% 021n Ju a, C. Flur Archetypbf; Routpiane:chawbYork, NY, USA, aie3; p. 179n C10 d,amossu,amossu,ipa e/dis uctiplgramocrapl_ftnocr121c me="_ftn121" oy le=""7rei9% C10 ue Camoss ue lcroclass="clear-block">r lcroclass="meua"> uramoss ue ulcroclass=" nkoplguloclass=" nko innttiplglioclass="comroai_fesbidderiwirsC">Phr tte-fr rrdly isnaueei9% Clissu/ul u,amoss uramoss u,amossulcroid="block-block-9"oclass="clear-block block block-block">rs ue lcroclass="cprlmotplglcrostyle="bordop: 5px dou .ct#6495ED; text-ipa e: is ucti;afe t-fami N: Verdvna; backgrouhl-colop: #f0f8ff; padding: 8px;afe t-size: 15px;antti-uoight:l22px;cesuh2ostyle="text-ipa e: siyder;ceStccef ihuafesTransctuu pmvecGraneOnLeacerPhiprdleu6S ishpynis aepittomd thtopochlniyinttiGraneOnLeacerPhipafes Kme21stCiydece (GL-21) p12itwo,ad multi-stakeholcer, multi-seosor thtanitwo organizamlene KmeC%labumAonceSbaiteArt & Sl rrnu, KmeUnfbamlNcotdnf4Offilif ceGenova0n—oe isathtopochlnorganiz3 fwua.oWAAS arranges iwive-dtbae-col quedectwsuieJuge 15-19, o 2e,niyvolvr oaor225 speakesonreonc70isr osl rructom researchnrfc ehpnqucstsiydeceweTatetanitwo wppa culrename is a col quedect asuIIAUnfbamlNcotdnf4Offilif ceGenova0cm OontTashG7-28, o 2e,nw reiyiaetanitwo recorl sasalrecomroadcotdnf4wppa btetabfCofes oo othdUN, followamleneottir tbgreachnp12 amsn C10 d,ispanostyle="text-ipa e: siyder;cegramocrap s iyrg70ipaonceSopmentcol quedecs/stgl" oairct="_blank">Click reafesVideouarfc Recorlei9% Cspan>ur u,amossu,amossu,amoss uramoss slcroid="fooderplglcroid="block-block-1"oclass="clear-block block block-block">rs ue lcroclass="cprlmotplgscripasuypb="text/javascripa">rvar gaJsHath0= ((p s s:" == docuathp.loccettimp12tocol) ? p s s://ssl."o: " s iyrg wa"); docuathp.write(unescape("%3Cscripassrc='" + gaJsHath0+ "google-atomaon,a.com/ga.js'suypb='text/javascripa'%3E%3C/scripa%3E")); rvar prgoTrackes0= _gat._rctTrackes("UA-3671143-2"); prgoTrackes._infb l((); prgoTrackes._= jckPrgoolew(); rs ue lcroclass="cprlmotplgpostyle="g70d-spacing: 10px;anvCrop-spacing: 5px;atext-ipa e: siyder;cegstcong>RESEARCH PROJECTS AT MSS C10 dostyle="text-ipa e: siyder;ce50 yearsoucr"nt03 fwu th& Srnd thSl rrnuhResearch C10 d,amossu,amossu,amoss uramosuramosuramosuramos